Covid Vaccine Side Effects
Its helpful to understand side effects before you get a COVID-19 vaccine. For the vast majority of people already vaccinated in the U.S. for COVID-19, the side effects, if any, have been mild. Serious or persistent side effects associated with the approved or authorized vaccines are extremely rare.
Lisa Maragakis, M.D., M.P.H., senior director of infection prevention, and Gabor Kelen, M.D., director of the Johns Hopkins Office of Critical Event Preparedness and Response, help you understand side effects associated with the COVID-19 vaccines.
When Youre Likely To Experience A Side Effect
Most side effects appear within a day or two after being vaccinated.
|What you may feel||What can help||When this could start|
Pain at the injection site, a headache and feeling tired and fatigued. These are the most commonly reported side effects.
Place a cold, wet cloth, or ice pack on the injection site for a short time.
Do not rub or massage the injection site.
Within 6 to 24 hours
Muscle aches, feeling generally unwell, chills, fever, joint pain and nausea may also occur.
Rest and drink plenty of fluids
Paracetamol or ibuprofen can be taken, follow the manufacturers instructions.
Seek advice from your health professional if your symptoms worsen.
Within 6 to 48 hours
|New onset chest pain, racing heart, or shortness of breath||Speak to your health professional promptly if you develop any of these symptoms.||Within 14 days|
What Is The Bivalent Covid Booster
This reformulated COVID-19 booster is referred to as a bivalent vaccine, as it targets both omicron variants BA.4 and BA.5, as well as the original coronavirus strain. Its meant to offer more protection than whats possible with previous boosters alone. The new booster shot will bolster protection against the virus worst symptoms, potentially prevent new infections and reduce the number of deaths across the country. Whats more, the booster reduces the risk of long covid symptoms such as brain fog and fatigue that can last for several months. The booster is for use two months after a previous dose. Either booster may be chosen regardless of which shots you have received previously.
You May Like: Does Apple Cider Vinegar Cause Constipation
Side Effects Of Covid
This article is part of a series of explainers on vaccine development and distribution. Learn more about vaccines from how they work and how theyre made to ensuring safety and equitable access in WHOs Vaccines Explained series.
COVID-19 vaccines are safe, and getting vaccinated will help protect you against developing severe COVID-19 disease and dying from COVID-19. You may experience some mild side effects after getting vaccinated, which are signs that your body is buildingprotection.
What Causes These Sex
One of the biggest differences between males and females differences lies in sex chromosomes. X chromosomes and Y chromosomes are bundles of genes that carry their own set of traits. Females have two X chromosomes males have one X and one Y chromosome.
According to Klein, your genes can affect both your immunity and how well vaccines work.
The X chromosome has the largest number of immune-related genes. but to make sure genes are equally expressed between both sexes, females undergo a process called X chromosome inactivation. One of the two X chromosomes is silenced to make sure females dont have double the number of X-chromosomal genes.
However, Klein explained that roughly 15% of the genes on the second X chromosome in immune cells escape inactivation. Increased gene expression in toll-like receptor 7 gives females a boost in immunity because it increases the diversity of antibody responses. While a strong immune response can mean a more rapid response to infection, it can also mean a stronger reaction to a vaccinea.k.a., more side effects.
Research suggests increased gene expression of TLR7 could explain why women are less likely to test positive for COVID-19 and tend to have less severe infections. There is also scientific evidence to suggest that women with a stronger expression of TLR7 have better COVID vaccine-induced immunity overall, even though the Contemporary Clinical Trials review saw stronger protection in men after the first shot.
Read Also: Can Vitamin D Cause Constipation
Will Side Effects Be Different For Anyone Who Has Recently Recovered From Covid
While it’s not a hard-and-fast rule, CDC officers have made recommendations to Americans to consider delaying receiving this bivalent booster vaccine at least three months from the date of your last COVID-19 infection. According to materials published by the American Medical Association, research on the timing between infection and another injection indicates that an increased timeline in this range could better bolster your body’s immune response compared to receiving a shot earlier.
But if you do choose to receive a bivalent booster within three months of your last sickness, you shouldn’t expect to experience wildly different or worse side effects as compared to if you had waited, Dr. Martinello stresses. You also shouldn’t expect a lighter immune response, either.
“I encourage people who have had COVID â once, or even multiple times â to still seek out vaccination, as it’s going to really optimize the level of protection that you have against getting COVID yet again this fall and winter,” he advises.
Will I Experience A Similar Reaction After My 4th Vaccine As Earlier Ones
Both federal health officials and leading virologists polled by Good Housekeeping for this article suggest that you should expect similar side effects this time around if you experienced them after earlier vaccinations. Since the formulation of this particular round of bivalent booster vaccines was made in a very similar process to earlier options, experts aren’t expecting any new subsets of potential side effects to present this fall.
Shruti Gohil, M.D. associate medical director of infection prevention at UCI Health and a professor at the University of California, Irvine, posits an analogy that this bivalent vaccine is like a riff on a standard brownie recipe: “You’re going to have almost the same ingredients, and bake it for the same time at the same temperature â but this time, instead of just chocolate chips, you add dark chocolate, too,” she tells Good Housekeeping. “The resulting brownie is the same, though.”
It’s important to note that individuals will react to these bivalent booster vaccines differently â while the most common side effect is pain or swelling at the injection site, many people may feel more severe side effects, and unique combinations of the symptoms listed above. And if you didn’t experience any side effects at all during your initial vaccine series or from the boosters after, there’s a good chance you won’t this time around, either.
You May Like: How Long Does Leaky Gut Take To Heal
Are The Side Effects Different
No different side effects have been reported for the fourth vaccine dose.
Pain in the arm where the vaccine is administered and fatigue were the most common side effects of the fourth jab, according to the NHS.
Otherwise, fourth doses have been deemed to be safe and well tolerated.
The vaccine trialled in the fourth vaccine study above were those used in the UK NHS third dose booster campaign: Pfizer and Moderna .
Generally, most side effects are mild and should not last longer than a week.
The NHS lists common side effects of the Covid vaccine as the following:
A Quality Pillow To Sleep Off The Discomfort
The best way to combat any post-shot fatigue is to give into it and get some sleep. The key is to have sleep thats restful, meaning youll want to make sure your bedding is as comfortable as possible. While its a tall order to upgrade your bed on short notice, its much easier to upgrade your pillow which can still transform your sleep quality. We recommend the original Coop Home Goods pillow after testing several pillows. We love that its extremely comfortable and customizable.
Also Check: Do Beets Help With Constipation
Symptoms Of Capillary Leak Syndrome
Capillary leak syndrome causes fluid to leak from small blood vessels. There is a possible risk of flare-ups in people with a history of capillary leak syndrome. Even though the risk of the condition is extremely low, you should know the signs to watch for.
Get urgent medical help if you get any of these symptoms after the Moderna vaccine:
- rapid swelling of the limbs
- sudden weight gain
You may also feel faint due to low blood pressure.
People usually reported capillary leak syndrome within the first few days of getting this vaccine. Watch out for these symptoms in the days after your vaccination.
The Novavax COVID-19 vaccine is called Nuvaxovid.
Can You Experience Tinnitus Or Ringing In The Ears After A Covid Vaccine
While studies cannot demonstrate a clear connection, it appears that tinnitus could be a very rare side effect of the vaccine. However, research is ongoing and there is currently no definitive information.
Tinnitus is a condition where you hear a ringing or buzzing sound in the ear that does not come from an outside source.
Adverse reactions to vaccinations are reported in the Centers for Disease Controls Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System database.
According to this database, out of 362 million vaccine doses, there were 9,166 cases where people had ringing in the ears after having the vaccine. This equates to roughly one incident per 40,000 vaccine doses.
However, it is still not clear if the tinnitus occurred as the result of the vaccine or if it was caused by something else, so researchers are still examining this correlation.
Also Check: Which Strategy Should Be Used By Someone Experiencing Heartburn
What If Ive Recently Had Covid
While the new boosters have been approved for most Americans, those who have recently been diagnosed with COVID are advised to wait a short time after their symptoms clear up.
According to doctors at Northeastern University, patients should wait at least a few weeks before getting the booster if theyve recently been diagnosed with COVID. The booster shot may not provoke as strong an immune response in a patient who recently had COVID, and residual immunity from the infection should provide additional protection while waiting for the new dose, according to experts.
Studies are still underway to determine the best course of action, but Northeastern professor Brandon Dionne suggests waiting two-to-three months from the date of infection until getting a booster dose of the vaccine.
This article tagged under:
Comirnaty And Spikevax Side Effects
Common side effects following vaccination with mRNA vaccines Comirnaty and Spikevax include swelling or pain at the injection site, fatigue, headache, myalgia , fever, chills or joint pain.
Less common side effects include redness at the injection site, nausea, enlarged lymph nodes or malaise . Itchiness at the injection site, pain in limb or insomnia can also occur following Comirnaty. These side-effects are usually mild, last 1-2 days and may require time off work. Systemic reactions are more common following the second dose of these vaccines. Symptomatic relief is recommended, eg. a cool compress at the injection site and simple analgesia such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Rare side effects following mRNA vaccines include anaphylaxis, myocarditis and perdicarditis. Anaphylaxis following Spikevax has been shown to occur at a rate of 2.5 cases per million doses and, whilst extremely rare, at a slightly higher rate of 4.7 per million doses following Comirnaty.
For more information please refer to COVID-19 vaccination after your Pfizer or COVID-19 vaccination after your Spikevax .
Also Check: Are Ib Programs Worth It
Potential Omicron Bivalent Booster Vaccine Side Effects:
Data collected by the FDA for earlier bivalent COVID-19 booster vaccines suggests that these shots successfully provided immunogenicity and elicited consistent side effects as compared to other COVID-19 vaccines, according to Dr. Martinello.
Sherrill Brown, M.D., medical director of infection prevention for AltaMed Health Services, indicates that current side effect notices published by the FDA sourced data from both Pfizer and Moderna’s separate clinical trials for the earlier BA. 1 vaccines. In both trials, the most commonly reported side effects within a week of injection were:
According to current FDA publications, there’s also a chance that swelling may occur in lymph nodes within the same arm as the injection site.
You’ll notice that all of these side effects warnings are the same that came with original vaccine formulations. But it’s interesting to note that the severity of side effects caused by bivalent vaccines were reported as less severe Pfizer’s clinical trial found that less than 1% of patients experienced severe pain or headaches, whereas a majority of participants reported only mild pain at the injection site.
Similar figures were true for Moderna recipients, as 59% of patients indicated they’d experienced fatigue after their shot, but only 4% reported it at a severe level.
Managing Common Side Effects At Home
You can take over-the-counter medicine after your vaccination to help with any pain or to lower a fever.
For pain where the needle was given, you can:
- apply a clean, cool, wet washcloth over the area that received the injection
- gently use or stretch your arm
Contact a health care provider if:
- you have questions about how to manage any symptoms
- you’re concerned about any symptoms you’re experiencing after vaccination
Learn more about:
You May Like: What Can Take Away Heartburn
Ingredients Of Pfizer/biontech Covid
The Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine does not contain eggs, preservatives or latex.
For a full list of ingredients, read the patient information leaflet for the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine .
The Moderna COVID-19 vaccine is only used in adults aged 30 and over in Ireland.
If you are under 30 and had the Moderna vaccine, you should get the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine for any other doses you need.
Moderna is not recommended if you have had a severe allergic reaction to:
- any of the ingredients in this vaccine – including polyethylene glycol or PEG
- Trometamol – an ingredient in contrast dyes used for MRI scans
You should also not get this vaccine if you:
- have been told by a doctor that you should not get this vaccine or the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine – they are both mRNA vaccines
- had myocarditis after a previous dose of this vaccine or the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
Talk to your doctor before getting this vaccine if you:
- have had a severe allergic reaction in the past, including to any other vaccine or medication
- had pericarditis after a previous dose of this vaccine or the Pfizer/BioNtech COVID-19 vaccine
- have a history of capillary leak syndrome
Treatment For Heartburn And Acid Reflux From A Gp
If you have acid reflux, a GP may prescribe a medicine called a proton pump inhibitor that reduces how much acid your stomach makes.
You’ll usually need to take this type of medicine for 4 or 8 weeks, depending on how serious your acid reflux is.
Go back to the GP if your symptoms return after stopping your medicine. You may need a long-term prescription.
Don’t Miss: Can You Get A Bloated Stomach With A Prolapse
A Water Bottle To Stay Hydrated
One of the CDC’s top tips for anyone getting vaccinated is to drink plenty of fluids. An easy way to make sure you’re getting enough H2O? A reusable water bottle. Of all the ones we’ve tested at Reviewed, we found the Brita Stainless Steel Filtering Water Bottle to be the best. It keeps your water refreshingly cold and filters out any odors while you sip.
Who Can Have The 4th Covid Vaccine
From all over-50s in England can now book their Covid-19 booster shots, NHS England has announced.
More than 12 million people aged between 50 and 64 can book online or by phone.
The service will also allow some people who are eligible for a flu vaccine to book an appointment online under a new pilot with more than 200 sites across the country.
Approximately 26 million people are eligible for an autumn Covid-19 booster, with health leaders warning of a twindemic of the two illnesses this winter.
Those eligible for the seasonal booster include those:
- Aged 50 or over
- Aged five and over and at high risk due to a health condition
- Aged five and over and at high risk because of a weakened immune system
- Aged five and over and live with someone who has a weakened immune system
- Aged 16 and over and a carer, either paid or unpaid
- Living or working in a care home for older people
- Frontline health and social care worker
These are the same conditions for Northern Ireland and Wales.
NHS Chief Executive Amanda Pritchard has said that: The rollout is off to a flying start we have invited twice as many people as we did last autumn and we have jabbed twice as many people as we did last autumn.
As we approach what could be an extremely challenging winter for the NHS, it is vital to get your protection against both Covid and flu so please come forward and book in when you can.
Also Check: Is Chicken Noodle Soup Good For Diarrhea
Treatment For A Hiatus Hernia
Broadly, treatment follows these steps:
Keyhole surgery is usually used for a hiatus hernia. This involves making small cuts in your tummy .
It’s done under general anaesthetic, so you’ll be asleep during the operation.
After surgery, it usually takes:
- 2 to 3 days to go home
- 3 to 6 weeks to go back to work
- 6 weeks before you can eat what you want
- a few months to recover from side effects like bloating, burping, farting and difficulty swallowing
There’s a small risk that your side effects will not go away and you’ll need more surgery.