Prevalence Of Gi Symptoms In Covid
Overall, 21.0% of COVID-19 patients had at least one type of GI symptom. Diarrhea was the most common type of GI symptoms, followed by abdominal discomfort , nausea and/or vomiting , constipation , acid reflux and/or heartburn , abdominal pain , and GI bleeding .
Figure 1. Prevalence of various GI symptoms in COVID-19 patients.
What Can I Expect After I Get The Vaccine
Although there are some people who have not experienced any side effects, there are others who have described symptoms similar to those experienced during a hangover or the flu. For those that do have side effects, they tend to only last for a few days.
The CDC tells us to anticipate that when you have the vaccine it could affect your ability to do day-to-day activities.
Some people are questioning whether they should get the vaccine either from a fear of side effects or from mistrust due to confusion and disinformation largely distributed through social media.
Dr. Stephen Brady, Director of Cardiology at CMC fully supports the COVID-19 vaccination.
There is always the risk of side effects with any vaccine, said Dr. Brady. But I believe in the science. I like the data. And I think its important that people get their vaccination when its time to protect the people around them that they care about.
When To Call Your Doctor
If your stomach troubles are due to a GI bug or food poisoning, you usually should feel better within 48 hours. If you don’t, call your doctor. It could be a more serious bacterial infection or an early sign of COVID-19. You should also reach out to them immediately if you:
- Might be severely dehydrated. Signs include dark urine, extreme weakness, a dry mouth and tongue, and dizziness.
- Have diarrhea that is bloody or black, or severe belly pain
- Are feverish, coughing, or feel short of breath
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Culprit: Heartburn Or Acid Reflux
Signs: Burning or discomfort under the breast bone, a sour taste in the mouth or difficulty swallowing may signal heartburn. Known as acid reflux or gastro esophageal reflux disease , it can be due to weakness of the valve between the esophagus and stomach, which could be from a hiatal hernia. Suffering tends to be worse when people lie down and also is worsened by caffeine, alcohol, chocolate or spicy foods. Other signs linked to GERD include chronic hoarseness, coughs, sore throat, asthma-like symptoms, difficulty swallowing or a feeling of food getting stuck in your chest when you swallow.
Who: While reflux can occur at any age, it is linked to being overweight and certain diet and lifestyle choices.
Take Action: If pain persists, follow up with your primary care doctor or gastroenterologist. Weight loss, smoking cessation, avoiding anti-inflammatory medications, diet changes, avoiding eating late at night, sleeping with the head of the bed elevated and a short course of anti-acids may help. If not, you may be referred to a specialist for an upper endoscopy to look for other causes.
You Might Suffer Tinnitus
Another long-lingering symptom is tinnitus, according to Dr. Lambert’s survey. It is defined as”ringing or buzzing noise in one or both ears that may be constant or come and go, often associated with hearing loss” by the Mayo Clinic. One study found that 40% of those who had COVID-19 symptoms experienced a worsening of their existing tinnitus, linking it to long COVID. “The findings of this study highlight the complexities associated with experiencing tinnitus and how both internal factors, such as increased anxiety and feelings of loneliness, and external factors, such as changes to daily routines, can have a significant effect on the condition,” explained study author Eldre Beukes. “Poor treatment of tinnitus in the early stages often leads to much worse cases, and severe tinnitus can have a huge impact on mental health,” added study co-author David Stockdale, chief executive of the British Tinnitus Association.
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You Might Have Spikes In Blood Pressure
It has been established that COVID-19 wreaks damage on many organs, including the heart. So, it isn’t surprising that long haulers are experiencing spikes in their blood pressure for months on end. “Very early into the pandemic, it was clear that many patients who were hospitalized were showing evidence of cardiac injury,” Dr. Gregg Fonarow, chief of the division of cardiology at the University of California, Los Angeles, recently told the American Heart Association. “More recently, there is recognition that even some of those COVID-19 patients not hospitalized are experiencing cardiac injury. This raises concerns that there may be individuals who get through the initial infection, but are left with cardiovascular damage and complications.”
Know Emergency Warning Signs Of Covid
Get medical attention immediately if you experience any of these warning signs*:
- Trouble breathing
- Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
- New confusion or inability to be woken up
- Pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, or nail beds, depending on skin tone
*This list is not all inclusive. Please consult your doctor or medical provider for any other symptoms that are severe or concerning. If you need emergency medical attention, and tell them you are having COVID-19-like symptoms.
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You Have A Runny Nose
Generally, sinus congestion or a runny nose are signs you’re dealing with allergies, a common cold, or a sinus infection. A runny nose is generally not a symptom of coronavirus in adults. However, this mild symptom may be more common in children infected with the virus. According to the CDC, “Children with confirmed COVID-19 have generally presented with mild symptoms. Reported symptoms in children include cold-like symptoms, such as fever, runny nose, and cough.”
Could Your Nausea Be A Sign Of Covid
We’ve learned a lot about the symptoms of COVID-19 over the last few months. Though it’s been classified as a respiratory illness by the CDC, COVID-19’s symptoms go far beyond those typically associated with the respiratory system, such as coughing or a sore throat. Among other symptoms , COVID-19 can also cause digestive distress, including nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. But just feeling nauseous or throwing up doesn’t necessarily mean you’ve caught the virus. So how do you know if the nausea you’re feeling is a sign of COVID-19?
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What You Need To Know
- If you are not fully vaccinated and aged 2 or older, you should wear a mask in indoor public places.
- In general, you do not need to wear a mask in outdoor settings.
- In areas with high numbers of COVID-19 cases, consider wearing a mask in crowded outdoor settings and for activities with close contact with others who are not fully vaccinated.
Gi Symptoms For Predicting The Composite Endpoint
Univariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that GI symptoms were significantly associated with the composite endpoint. After adjusting for age, sex, and severe/critical COVID-19, GI symptoms remained an independent predictor of the composite endpoint .
In the subgroup analysis of severe/critical COVID-19 patients, univariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that GI symptoms were significantly associated with the composite endpoint. After adjusting for age and sex, GI symptoms remained an independent predictor of the composite endpoint .
According to the type of GI symptoms, univariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that GI bleeding and abdominal discomfort were significantly associated with the composite endpoint, but not diarrhea, nausea and/or vomiting, constipation, acid reflux and/or heartburn, or abdominal pain. After adjusting for age, sex, and severe/critical COVID-19, only GI bleeding , but not abdominal discomfort , remained an independent predictor of the composite endpoint.
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What Causes Chronic Pain
Chronic pain can be caused by many different factors. Often conditions that accompany normal aging may affect bones and joints in ways that cause chronic pain. Other common causes are nerve damage and injuries that fail to heal properly.
Some kinds of chronic pain have numerous causes. Back pain, for example, may be caused by a single factor, or any combination of these factors:
What To Know About The Side Effects Of The Covid
Post updated 10/13/2021 with more side effect information
Conway Medical Center is a part of the nationwide effort to protect people from COVID-19 by providing vaccinations for all members of our community. Our frontline hospital employees continue to help those affected by this disease as COVID-19 cases increase throughout our area.
Vaccinations remain one of the best ways to protect yourself, your neighbors and your loved ones from COVID-19.
But in the meantime, there is one question on everyones minds
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When Should I Contact My Health Care Provider About Side Effects
If you start noticing redness and tenderness around where you received the shot that increases after 24 hours, contact your healthcare provider. Also, seek medical attention if any of your side effects become worrisome or do not seem to be going away after a few days.
Serious allergic reactions are rare and typically occur within the first 15 minutes of injection. If you have known allergies, are prone to allergic reactions, or have medical conditions you feel could make you susceptible to an adverse reaction, consult your family physician prior to receiving a vaccination.
You Have Altered Mental Status
If you experience “a change in intellectual, emotional, psychological, and personality functioning, typically accompanied by behavioral changes,” as defined by ACP Hospitalist, you may have “encephalopathy,” a catch-all term for a disease that affects the brain. One real-life example: A COVID-19 patient, a female airline worker, reported the New York Times, “was confused, and complained of a headache she could tell the physicians her name but little else, and became less responsive over time. Brain scans showed abnormal swelling and inflammation in several regions, with smaller areas where some cells had died.”
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Or Strange Rashes Or Discoloration
Dr. Alisa Femia, director of inpatient dermatology and a specialist in autoimmune connective tissue disease at NYU Langone, is just one of the many physicians who have reported skin manifestationsincluding strange rashes and discolorationamongst coronavirus patients. In fact, the American Academy of Dermatology is keeping a symptom registry in order to record, research, and hopefully be able to explain why the virus manifests itself in the skin. Dr. Femia recently noted to Time that some preliminary research implies blood-flow issues may be behind these bizarre skin conditions.
Can You Get Covid
Its important to understand that you can NOT get COVID-19 from the vaccine. The side effects you may experience are not COVID related. What they are is a sign that your immune system is working and building defenses against the illness. It will take time for your body to build up that protection and if you receive a vaccine that requires 2 shots, it could take a couple of weeks after your second shot for that immunity to be complete.
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Conway Medical Center Has The Reliable Covid
Too often, well-meaning friends and family members can spread misinformation on social media. With all the information out there, it can be difficult to determine the difference between fact and fiction.
Dont worrywe have the answers you need.
Our site has an extensive library of information on COVID-19 that covers some of your most frequently asked questions.
Remember that being well-informed is key to remaining healthy. We encourage you to contact your health care provider if you have any questions or concerns about the COVID vaccine
Symptoms Of The Delta Variant Vs Previous Covid
- Baton Rouge General
We all know the signs of COVID-19 – or do we? Flu-like symptoms and shortness of breath, combined with the loss of taste and smell are what we have been looking out for as telltale signs that you have the coronavirus. But, as the newer delta variant hits our area, we may need to start looking out for some different symptoms.
People infected with the delta variant are reporting symptoms that are slightly different than those associated with the original coronavirus strain. Cough, loss of smell, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are less common with the delta variant, though they are still being reported in smaller numbers. The most common symptoms of the delta variant include sore throat, runny nose, headache, and fever.
Because this variant is more contagious than those weve seen in the past, its important to isolate yourself from others and get tested as soon as you notice any of these symptoms. Dont assume its allergies or a cold.
If youve been vaccinated against COVID, youre more likely to have mild symptoms of the virus that dont require hospitalization, but you could spread it to someone who is not vaccinated or is unable to get vaccinated including children under 12.
Most importantly, as the delta variant spreads through our area, be cautious in public. Wear a mask, even if youre vaccinated. And if you are eligible to get the vaccine, dont put it off.
Schedule your COVID-19 vaccine at brgeneral.org/vaccine.
Culprit: Constipation Or Diverticulitis
Signs: Chronic constipation causes hard stools and strained bowel movements. Over time, it can lead to diverticulosis, which can be thought of as pockets or balloons that tend to develop in the lower part of the large intestine. These can sometimes become inflamed .
Who: Diverticulosis usually occurs after age 50 and in patients with a history of chronic constipation and straining. We are seeing it in younger and younger patients with low-fiber, highly refined diets as well as rising rates of obesity. Low- fiber diets, medications and sedentary lifestyles may all contribute to constipation.
Take Action: Your primary care doctor or pharmacist can suggest diet/lifestyle modifications. Weight loss, exercise, drinking more fluids and eating a diet higher in fiber and lower in fat also help. Over-the-counter laxatives can be used for mild symptoms.
Head to the emergency room if pain and vomiting become relentless, fevers exceed 100.4 degrees or youre unable to drink water or have bowel movements. Fevers with left lower quadrant abdominal pain, especially in a patient with known constipation, may indicate diverticulitis. Extreme discomfort in the left quadrant that spreads to the entire belly is worrisome and requires immediate care.
Patients over 4550 years of age who present with new-onset, unexplained constipation should talk to their primary care physician about getting a colonoscopy to screen for colorectal cancer.
Difference In Outcomes Between Covid
Patients with GI symptoms had a significantly longer hospital length of stay than those without . Patients with GI symptoms had significantly higher proportions of transferring to ICU , requiring mechanical ventilation , death , and reaching the composite endpoint than those without .
Figure 2. Incidence of adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients with and without GI symptoms.
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Gastrointestinal Bleeding But Not Other Gastrointestinal Symptoms Is Associated With Worse Outcomes In Covid
- 1COVID-19 Study Group, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
- 2Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
- 3Postgraduate College, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang, China
- 4Section of Medical Service, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
- 5Department of Respiratory Medicine, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
- 6Department of Infectious Diseases, Wuhan Huoshenshan Hospital, Wuhan, China
- 7Information Section of Medical Security Center, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
Background: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 can present with gastrointestinal symptoms. However, the prevalence of GI symptoms and their association with outcomes remain controversial in COVID-19 patients.
Methods: All COVID-19 patients consecutively admitted to the Wuhan Huoshenshan hospital from February 2020 to April 2020 were collected. Disease severity and outcomes were compared between COVID-19 patients with and without GI symptoms. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association of GI symptoms with the composite endpoint and death in COVID-19 patients. A composite endpoint was defined as transfer to intensive care unit, requirement of mechanical ventilation, and death. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated.
Sudden Discomfort In The Chest Back Or Neck
Any pain, pressure or squeezing sensation in the chest, back, jaws, neck or along the arms that comes on abruptly and lasts more than a few minutes, or goes away and comes back, may signal a heart attack.
Not everyone will feel a heart attack in the chest women in particular often experience other signs. These may include pain in the jaw, neck or arms difficulty breathing light-headedness or dizziness nausea or indigestion fatigue or a cold sweat. Of course, there are many conditions other than a heart attack that can cause these symptoms. It’s time to head to the ER if these symptoms are new, last more than a few minutes, or go away and come back.
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Stomach Acid And Ace2
Nakayas work offers a bit more insight into potential mechanisms. He and his team werent initially planning to look at the relationship between antacids and COVID-19 at all. Their project began as an offshoot of another one that Nakayas graduate student, Leandro Jimenez, had started. Jimenez had been analyzing the transcriptome data of patients with Barretts esophagus, a condition in which acid reflux causes damage to the lining of the esophagus.
The data from biopsies and a gene expression repository revealed increased expression of the gene ACE2, which encodes a cell surface protein that SARS-CoV-2 uses to enter human cells, in individuals with Barretts esophagus compared with individuals who did not have the condition. That increased gene activity was tied to regulation of intracellular pH pathways, specifically, their enrichment. That connection suggests increased ACE2 expression is linked with lower pH inside cells, possibly a result of exposure to stomach acid.
And that raised a flag, Nakaya says, which led his team to hypothesize that Barretts esophagus, as well as gastroesophageal reflux disease , may be a comorbidities of COVID-19 that hadnt been identified before.
Most peoples attention is shifting towards vaccines rather than treatments, Abrams says, but with President Trump having COVID, that brings to light again the issue of treatments, especially since he was getting famotidine.