Chapter : What Happens In Anxiety
Anxiety is a normal feeling we all get when we face something that we fear. For example, you might feel anxious before an exam or when you are about to give a talk. When you are in danger, you might feel scared and anxious. So, if you are in a lift and suddenly the lift stops between floors, you will feel scared for your life. This incidence can cause a lifelong fear of lifts in you. Next time you have to go in a lift, you will feel very scared and anxious.
Anxiety causes very weird body sensations. When we feel anxiety or fear, our mind and body both react. You might freeze or feel numb. You dont really freeze but it sure feels like you are stuck to one place and cannot move.
Although anxiety or fear is in our mind, our body also responds to them. Your heart starts racing fast, you feel like you cannot breadth, your legs start shaking, etc. Similarly, you might get a tingling sensation in your stomach. You might even have some stomach problems like nausea, stomach ache, diarrhea, etc.
How To Deal With Allergy Induced Nausea
Can allergies cause nausea? Yes, then what to do about it? Of course, a reliable way to deal with allergy induced nausea is to avoid coming into contact with the foods that one is allergic to. However, it is still likely that you will come into contact with the foods at one time or another. Besides, it is not easy to identify all the foods that you are allergic to.
Usually, you will vomit or experience diarrhea after taking in a food that you are allergic to. These serve to expel the food from your body, and once this is done, your system will get back to normal. In other words, the symptoms of the food allergy will subside. Granted, some minor symptoms may linger for a while. These can be handled using over the counter medications. However, more severe cases of allergic reactions to foods will necessitate a doctors attention. In the worst cases, a patient will have to be injected with epinephrine.
You can treat vomiting by:
- Drinking clear liquids over some time. It is best to avoid taking grape juice and orange juice since these are too acidic and can worsen the situation.
- Avoiding eating of solid foods.
- Taking an oral rehydrating solution. This option should be resorted to only if the vomiting or diarrhea is severe and has lasted for over 24 hours. Pedialyte is the most commonly used drug for this purpose.
When nauseated, you can avoid vomiting by:
Vomiting And Diarrhea Treatment
Anyone who has had several bouts of vomiting or diarrhea will need to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
- For babies: If you are breastfeeding, continue to give your baby breast milk. Breast milk has fluids and electrolytes needed to prevent dehydration. Your doctor may also want you to give your baby an oral rehydration solution . If you feed your baby formula, try switching to one that is lactose free while your baby is sick. Lactose can make diarrhea worse. Your doctor may also suggest switching from formula to an ORS for 12 to 24 hours, and then switching back.
- For toddlers and young children: Use an ORS, which contains the right mix of salt, sugar, potassium, and other nutrients to help replace lost body fluids. Children older than 1 year may also have clear soups, clear sodas, or juice mixed 50-50 with water to help prevent dehydration. You should avoid giving your child plain water and soft drinks. Water alone does not contain enough salt and nutrients to help with dehydration. Soft drinks are typically very high in sugar and can irritate your childs stomach.
- For adults and seniors: To replace the fluids lost from vomiting and diarrhea, adults and seniors should try to drink at least seven eight-ounce glasses of water each day. Seniors may also use ORS or liquid meal replacements to help replace lost body fluids.
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When To Get Urgent Care
Some illnesses that cause vomiting require immediate medical attention. You may need to go to an urgent care clinic or an emergency room for these symptoms:
- Signs of dehydration, which can include dark-colored urine or no urination for 12 hours, thirst, dry mouth or eyes, fatigue, dizziness when standing
- History of head injury in the past 24 hours
- Severe abdominal pain
- Severe headache and/or stiff neck
- Red, black, coffee-ground-like, green, or dark yellow vomit
- Hives or swelling of the face, lips, or tongue
- In infants, green vomit or persistent vomiting
Vomit that is shades of green or dark yellow is typically due to bile, a digestive fluid released from the gallbladder into the first section of the small intestine. For children, this can signal a blockage or torsion of the stomach or small intestine that requires immediate medical attention.
It can also occur when a person has vomited so much that there is no food or liquid left in their stomach. In this case, it may be an indication of dehydration. In adults, vomit that is green from bile may also be due to a bowel blockage.
Signs of blood in vomit may or may not be obvious. If you are vomiting bright red, it could be blood. Black vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds may also be blood.
Although there may not be active internal bleeding, vomit that looks like coffee grounds is still considered a medical emergency.
Dehydration: How To Know
- Dehydration means that the body has lost too much fluid. This can happen with vomiting and/or diarrhea. A weight loss of more than 3% is needed. Mild diarrhea or mild vomiting does not cause this. Neither does a small decrease in fluid intake.
- Vomiting with watery diarrhea is the most common cause of dehydration.
- Dehydration is a reason to see a doctor right away.
- These are signs of dehydration:
- Dry tongue and inside of the mouth. Dry lips are not helpful.
- Dry eyes with decreased or absent tears
- In babies, a sunken soft spot
- Slow blood refill test: Longer than 2 seconds. First, press on the thumbnail and make it pale. Then let go. Count the seconds it takes for the nail to turn pink again. Ask your doctor to teach you how to do this test.
- Fussy, tired out or acting ill. If your child is alert, happy and playful, he or she is not dehydrated.
- A child with severe dehydration becomes too weak to stand. They can also be very dizzy when trying to stand.
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Which Type Of Magnesium Has A Laxative Effect
If youve gone more than three days without a bowel movement or your intestine movements, you may be constipated. Other signs of constipation may include: having stool that is lumpy or impossible to reach. If you dont get medical attention for it, chronic constipation can lead to complications. Magne citrate is a magnesium citratrate tablet that can bloat your bowels and cause sexy. Learn more about how to relieve constipation and improve your bowel habits in the United Kingdom and the US.
When To Speak With A Doctor
While home remedies can relieve the feeling of nausea, they are not a replacement for medical treatment for those with underlying conditions.
If a person frequently experiences nausea for no clear reason, they can consider speaking with a doctor to determine the cause. If the cause is psychological, speaking with a therapist may help.
Nausea is not usually an emergency. However, if it occurs alongside symptoms of a serious condition or after an injury, someone may need emergency help. Dial 911 if someone experiences nausea:
- after a recent head injury
- alongside a severe, sudden headache
- with neck stiffness, fever, headache, and vomiting
In some cases, nausea can be an early warning sign of a heart attack. This is , who can experience less obvious symptoms during a heart attack. Seek emergency help if someone has:
- pain, pressure, or squeezing in the center of the chest
- trouble breathing
- pain in one or both arms, the back, neck, or jaw
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Causes Of Vomiting With Diarrhea
- Viral Gastroenteritis. GI infection from a virus is the most common cause. A common agent is the Rotavirus. The illness starts with vomiting. Watery loose stools follow within 12-24 hours. On cruise ship outbreaks, the most common viral cause is Norovirus.
- Food Poisoning. This causes rapid vomiting and diarrhea within hours after eating the bad food. Caused by toxins from germs growing in foods left out too long. An example is Staph toxin in egg salad.
- Traveler’s Diarrhea. Caused by germs in food or drink. Suspect this if it follows recent foreign travel.
- Bacterial GI Infection. Diarrhea can also be caused by some bacteria. Most bacterial diarrhea goes away on its own. A few can cause a severe large bowel infection .
- Serious Complication: Dehydration. This is the health problem where the body has lost too much fluid. .
What Complications Are Associated With Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea may cause dehydration. More fluids are lost from the body when you have diarrhoea than normally. Dehydration can lead to a loss of electrolytes minerals your body needs to function properly. This is why rehydration is so important.
Diarrhoea causes food to move quickly through your body. If this is ongoing it makes it difficult for you to absorb nutrients and can lead to malnutrition.
Some people may develop temporary lactose intolerance after an episode of diarrhoea or gastroenteritis. See your doctor if the symptoms continue for more than a couple of weeks.
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Causes Of Vomiting And Diarrhea
Vomiting and diarrhea are very common, and they usually disappear on their own. They are caused by a variety of factors, including:
Medications Some medications can cause vomiting and diarrhea. These include blood pressure medications, antibiotics, cancer medications and antacids that contain magnesium. If medication is the cause of vomiting or diarrhea, your doctor may be able to suggest a different prescription or offer suggestions that will minimize the effects of the medication.
Food poisoning Food poisoning is one of the leading causes of vomiting and diarrhea, and it occurs when food contains salmonella, campylobacter or E. coli bacteria. Food poisoning is usually temporary and mild, but it can be serious if the patient is under the age of 1, is elderly or has a weakened immune system.
Viral gastroenteritis Norovirus and rotavirus are the two main viruses that cause vomiting and diarrhea. They are accompanied by fever, abdominal pain and cramping.
Food intolerances Food intolerances may lead to bloating, gas, diarrhea and vomiting.
Traveling Travelers diarrhea occurs when water and food that have been contaminated by bacteria are consumed while traveling.
Prevent Food Allergies In The First Place
Can allergies cause nausea? Therefore, just like with all other medical conditions, prevention is the best treatment. As we have already established that it is not easy to always avoid all the foods that one is allergic to, let alone identify them all. However, if you do have a food allergy, it is important to take the pains to avoid taking in the foods you are allergic to. Here are some of the ways you can do this:
- Know what you are consuming. You can do this by always reading the labels of foods for ingredients before eating or drinking anything.
- If you have already experienced a severe food allergic reaction at one time, you should get a medical bracelet that can inform other people around you about your condition in case you get a severe reaction that will render you incapable of speaking.
- In addition, if you ever had a severe reaction, you should consider having an emergency epinephrine with you at all times. You can get this by talking to your doctor.
- Be keen on what you eat at restaurants and hotels. You can and should let your chef know that you cannot consume a certain type of food, and your chef should assure you that the food you order does not contain the food as an ingredient.
If you have a child who is allergic to certain foods then you can protect him/ her by:
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When Should I See My Doctor
An isolated episode of diarrhoea will generally clear up without any treatment.
Seek medical advice if you have any of the following:
- ongoing or severe diarrhoea
- fever as well as diarrhoea
- unexplained weight loss
- diarrhoea at night
- signs of dehydration
Ongoing diarrhoea can lead to dehydration and an electrolyte imbalance, making it dangerous especially to the very young or older people, who can be affected very quickly.
Which Magnesium Causes Less Diarrhea
The best form of magnesium for maximum absorption . If magnesium is buffered, it means that magnesium oxide has been added and mixed in with it. Magnesium is a great supplement, but there are so many options to choose from that it will make your head spin.
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How Is Diarrhoea Treated
In the case of simple short-term episodes of diarrhoea, which usually clear up by themselves in healthy people, you will probably be able to manage your symptoms through home care.
You should try to do the following:
- rest at home
- stay off work or school until you have not had a loose bowel motion for 24 hours
- drink clear fluids or oral rehydration solution to replace lost fluids take small sips if you feel sick
- avoid fruit juice, cordials and sugary drinks they will prolong the diarrhoea
- avoid alcohol and caffeine
- manage your diet until you get back to normal eat bland foods, such as rice, pasta and crackers, and avoid fatty foods or those high in insoluble fibre
Urgent Advice: Get Advice From 111 Now If:
- you’re worried about a baby under 12 months
- your child stops breast or bottle feeding while they’re ill
- a child under 5 years has signs of dehydration such as fewer wet nappies
- you or your child still have signs of dehydration after using oral rehydration sachets
- you or your child keep being sick and cannot keep fluid down
- you or your child have bloody diarrhoea or bleeding from the bottom
- you or your child have diarrhoea for more than 7 days or vomiting for more than 2 days
111 will tell you what to do. They can arrange a phone call from a nurse or doctor if you need one.
Go to 111.nhs.uk or .
Get an urgent GP appointment
A GP may be able to help you.
Ask your GP practice for an urgent appointment.
Check with the GP surgery before going in. A GP may speak to you on the phone.
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Can Diarrhoea Be Prevented
Gastroenteritis the most common cause of diarrhoea is highly infectious, and mostly spread by contact with another person who has the illness, or from contaminated food.
These measures can help to stop the spread:
- wash hands frequently using a good handwashing technique
- follow proper food-safety practices
- if a household member has diarrhoea, they should not prepare food for the other members, and everyone should follow regular handwashing and hygiene practices
- someone who has diarrhoea should not visit hospitals, aged care facilities, or swimming pools
- babies can be vaccinated against rotavirus
Home Remedies For Nausea Vomiting And Diarrhea
Some natural remedies can help reduce the symptoms, including:
- Rest more: Your body needs rest to relieve symptoms and improve its ability to fight viruses.
- Drink plenty of water: Drinking plenty of water can speed up the bodys blood circulation and eliminate toxins accumulated in the body. In addition, drinking plenty of water can avoid dehydration.
- Avoid eating spicy or high-fat foods: these foods can stimulate the digestive system and aggravate symptoms. You can try other foods that are easy to digest.
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Acute And Persistent Diarrhea
The most common causes of acute and persistent diarrhea are infections, travelers diarrhea, and side effects of medicines.
Three types of infections that cause diarrhea include
Bacterial infections. Several types of bacteria can enter your body through contaminated food or water and cause diarrhea. Common bacteria that cause diarrhea include Campylobacter, Escherichia coli , Salmonella, and Shigella.
- Parasitic infections.Parasites can enter your body through food or water and settle in your digestive tract. Parasites that cause diarrhea include Cryptosporidium enteritis, Entamoeba histolytica, and Giardia lamblia.
Infections in the digestive tract that spread through foods or drinks are called foodborne illnesses.
Infections lasting more than 2 weeks and less than 4 weeks can cause persistent diarrhea.
Travelers diarrhea is caused by eating food or drinking water contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Travelers diarrhea is most often acute. However, some parasites cause diarrhea that lasts longer. Travelers diarrhea can be a problem for people traveling to developing countries.
Side effects of medicines
What Is Gastroenteritis In Adults
Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the intestines that causes diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, loss of appetite, and other symptoms of digestive upset. In adults, the two most common causes of gastroenteritis are viral and bacterial infections:
Each year in the United States, millions of people develop gastroenteritis by eating contaminated food, while millions more suffer from mild bouts of viral gastroenteritis. In otherwise healthy adults, both forms of gastroenteritis tend to be mild and brief, and many episodes are never reported to a doctor. However, in the elderly and people with weakened immune defenses, gastroenteritis sometimes can produce dehydration and other dangerous complications. Even in robust adults, certain types of aggressive bacteria occasionally cause more serious forms of food poisoning that can cause high fever and severe gastrointestinal symptoms, such as bloody diarrhea.
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