How Do Antacids Work To Treat Heartburn
Antacids reduce the amount of stomach acid, relieving your heartburn. These medications can also be used to soothe stomach upset, indigestion and other pains in your stomach. Some antacids contain simethicone, which reduces gas. Antacids that you can get without a prescription include:
Make sure you always follow the instructions on the package or talk to your doctor about the right way to use an antacid. If you use tablets, chew them well before swallowing for faster relief.
What Causes Gerd In A Child
GERD is often caused by something that affects the LES, the lower esophageal sphincter. The LES is a muscle at the bottom of the food pipe . The LES opens to let food into the stomach. It closes to keep food in the stomach. When the LES relaxes too often or for too long, stomach acid flows back into the esophagus. This causes vomiting or heartburn.
Everyone has reflux from time to time. If you have ever burped and had an acid taste in your mouth, you have had reflux. Sometimes the LES relaxes at the wrong times. Often your child will just have a bad taste in his or her mouth. Or your child may have a short, mild feeling of heartburn.
Babies are more likely to;have a;weak LES. This makes the LES relax when it should stay shut. As food or milk is digesting, the LES opens. It lets the stomach contents go back up to the esophagus. Sometimes the stomach contents go all the way up the esophagus. Then the baby or child vomits. In other cases, the stomach contents only go part of the way up the esophagus. This causes heartburn or breathing problems. In some cases there are no;symptoms at all.
Some foods seem to affect the muscle tone of the LES. They let the LES stay open longer than normal. These foods include:
Other foods can bring on symptoms because they are acidic. These foods include:
Other things that may lead to GERD include:
Medicines, including some antihistamines, antidepressants, and pain medicines
Being around secondhand smoke
Does Heartburn Go Away On Its Own
Heartburn, if it is mild, can go away within a few hours or longer. There are several ways that you can treat heartburn and ways to prevent it as well.
There are several ways to help prevent heartburn in general. If you are overweight, you should try to lose weight. This will help reduce heartburn tremendously.
Another way to avoid heartburn is to make some lifestyle changes. Exercising and watching what you eat are also very helpful.
There are several anti-inflammatory foods that you can add to your diet to help prevent heartburn.
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Look Beyond Chest Pain Symptoms
When you have a heart attack, its because one of the coronary arteries that provide blood to the heart is;blocked. The blockage obstructs the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart.
When you think of a heart attack, you may picture a person;clutching their;chest and collapsing from sudden, severe pain.;But the symptoms of a heart attack;often are much more subtle. This is especially true for women, Dr. Abdallah says.
A;study by researchers at the University of British Columbia showed women are slightly less;likely than men to experience chest pain during a heart attack.
Instead, they often suffer from subtle symptoms such as:
- Pain in the arms, neck or jaw.
- Sweating or cold sweat.
- Feelings of fullness, indigestion or choking .
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Lightheadedness, dizziness, extreme weakness or anxiety.
People;with diabetes who are having a heart attack often have atypical or minimal symptoms, Dr. Abdallah says. If you have diabetes, you should seek medical attention for even slight chest or stomach pain or;discomfort.
Typical Questions: Heartburn Or Heart Attack
Heartburn is a daily struggle for many Americans, which leaves many people asking questions, like:
The one question many people dread asking themselves when they experience heartburn on a daily basis is: Am I having a heart attack?
According to Harvard Medical School, the two often have overlapping symptoms. While the symptoms can feel similar, there are some ways to tell the two apart:
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Heartburn Heart Attack And Gender
Not everyone experiences heart attacks the same way. The common signs of heart attack include chest pain, pressure, tightness, squeezing or burning, and it could be in the middle or to either side of the chest, says Patterson. It may or may not spread to the neck, jaw, back or arm.
Other possible symptoms of heart attack include:
- Shortness of breath
- Exercise intolerance
- Other symptoms similar to heartburn and abdominal pain
In particular, gender may have an impact on potential heart attack symptoms. Women tend to not have the typical heart attack symptoms. It can present as something that feels like heartburn, states;Sauer.
It is more common for women to present with the atypical symptoms, agrees Patterson. An example would be fatigue without chest pain or shortness of breath without chest pain.
What Are Prescription Medications For Heartburn
If over-the-counter antacids and acid blockers do not relieve your heartburn, your healthcare provider may give you a prescription for other medicines, such as:
- Prescription-strength acid blockers: In prescription-strength , Zantac®, Tagamet®, Pepcid® and Axid® can generally relieve heartburn and treat GERD.
- Proton pump inhibitors: These are drugs that block acid production more effectively. Proton pump inhibitors include Aciphex®, Nexium®, Prevacid®, Prilosec® and Protonix®.
There are some proton pump inhibitors that can be purchased over-the-counter. Talk to your healthcare provider about these medications and what is best for you.
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Diet And Lifestyle Changes
In many cases, diet and lifestyle changes can help to ease GERD. Talk with your childs healthcare provider about changes you can make. Here are some tips to better manage GERD symptoms.
After feedings, hold your baby in an upright position for;30 minutes.
If bottle-feeding, keep the nipple filled with milk. This way your baby wont swallow too much air while eating. Try different nipples. Find one that lets your baby’s mouth make a good seal with the nipple during feeding.
Adding rice cereal to feeding may be helpful for some babies.
Burp your baby a few times during bottle-feeding or breastfeeding. Your child may reflux more often when burping with a full stomach.
Watch your child’s food intake. Limit fried and fatty foods, peppermint, chocolate, drinks with caffeine such as sodas and tea, citrus fruit and juices, and tomato products.
Offer your child smaller portions at mealtimes. Add small snacks between meals if your child is hungry. Dont let your child overeat. Let your child tell you when he or she is hungry or full.
If your child is overweight, contact your childs provider;to set weight-loss goals.
Serve the evening meal early, at least 3 hours before bedtime.
Other things to try:
What Are The Symptoms Of Indigestion
Feeling discomfort in your tummy after eating or drinking is the main symptom of indigestion, but other common symptoms include:
- feeling full or bloated
- a burning feeling in your chest
- an acidic taste in your mouth
- feeling sick
- belching and farting
These symptoms can happen when acid from your stomach irritates the lining of your digestive system, causing soreness and swelling. Usually, youll notice them after youve eaten a large meal, but you can get them at any time.
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Take A Proactive Approach
That’s why, if you have had heartburn or acid reflux consistently for longer than three years, you should have an endoscopy, says Brown. An endoscopy is a simple procedure where a specially designed scope is used to examine the esophagus and take tissue samples, when necessary.
“The tissue samples or biopsies are examined to look for any abnormal cell growth,” Brown explains. “The hope is that we’ll be able to catch any abnormal cells before they become cancerous.
Patients who are diagnosed with Barrett’s typically undergo repeat endoscopies one year and three years later. If precancerous cells are seen at that point, treatment may involve surgical removal of the esophagus to prevent eventual progression to cancer.
But a technique available at Rush, the HALO Ablation System, enables doctors to use radiofrequency ablation to remove Barrett’s tissue completely, without invasive surgery and with relatively few complications.
“HALO ablation has shown to be an effective alternative to surgery in select patients,” says Brown. “However, the good news is that most patients with Barrett’s will never progress to the point that they require this level of intervention.”
How Is Diverticulitis Managed
Your doctor will examine you thoroughly and conduct certain tests to narrow down the diagnosis. The tests to diagnose diverticulitis include
- Complete blood count to check for infections
- Stool examination to rule out infections and check for a small amount of bleeding in the gut
- Computed tomography scan of the gut to look for abscess formation
- Endoscopy . The camera is connected to a screen on which the images of the inside of the gut can be seen.
In the absence of complications, diverticulitis is managed conservatively. A liquid diet, lots of fluids, oral antibiotics and acetaminophen are needed. Regular follow-up with a doctor is needed to look for potential complications.
If there is development of an abscess in the pouches, or the infection continues to spread, or there is tear in the intestines, it is called complicated diverticulitis. Such cases may need the following treatment
- Medical management
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When Should I See A Doctor
You should speak to your doctor about your indigestion if you:
- keep getting indigestion
- have blood in your vomit or blood in your poo
You should get urgent medical help if you have chest pain and any of the following, as you could be having a heart attack:
- pain that makes your chest feel tight or heavy
- chest pain that moves to your arms, neck, jaw or back
- you feel sick, sweaty or breathless
- pain that lasts more than 15 minutes
Medicines And Other Treatments
Your childs healthcare provider may also recommend other options.
Medicines. Your child’s provider;may prescribe medicines to help with reflux. There are medicines;that help reduce the amount of acid the stomach makes. This reduces the heartburn linked to reflux. These medicines may include:
H2-blockers. These reduce the amount of acid your stomach makes by blocking the hormone histamine. Histamine helps to make acid.
Proton pump inhibitors. These help keep your stomach from making acid. They do this by stopping the stomach’s acid pump from working.
The provider may prescribe another type of medicine that helps the stomach empty faster if it’s clear that your child has a stomach-emptying delay. If food doesnt stay in the stomach as long as normal, reflex may be less likely to occur. ;
Calorie supplements. Some babies with reflux cant gain weight because they vomit often. If this is the case, your child’s;healthcare provider;may suggest:
Adding rice cereal to baby formula
Giving your baby more calories by adding a prescribed supplement
Changing formula to milk- or soy-free formula if your baby may have an allergy
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What Causes Heartburn
To know why heartburn happens, it can help to understand how your esophagus and stomach work. When you eat, the food passes down a long tube that connects your mouth and stomach. This tube is called the esophagus. At the bottom of the esophagus is a valve, called the esophageal sphincter. This valve opens to let food through and then closes to keep your stomach contents down. Inside your stomach is a very strong acidic mixture that starts the process of breaking down your food . Your stomach is designed to hold this mixture. However, your esophagus isnt able to hold this mixture without getting hurt.
Sometimes, the valve that separates your stomach and esophagus doesnt close properly, and some of the acidic mixture from your stomach goes back up the esophagus. This is called reflux. When you have reflux, youll often feel the burning sensation thats heartburn. There are a few medical conditions that can cause reflux and make you feel heartburn, including:
- Hiatal hernia .
- Gastroesophageal reflux disease .
- Certain medications, especially anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin.
Heartburn can also be caused by your eating habits including the foods you eat, how large your meals are and how close to bedtime you eat and certain lifestyle habits.
Do I Have Acid Reflux
Acid reflux;happens when acid from your stomach backs up into your throat and causes uncomfortable symptoms like chest pain, a burning sensation in your throat, or a sour taste in your mouth.
Usually, muscles at the top of your stomach open to allow food into the stomach and close to let the stomach process the food. When these muscles are weakened or when there is extra pressure on the stomach, acid can get through these muscles and enter the esophagus.
Acid reflux can happen to anyone at any age and can be worsened by obesity or a poor diet. If your heartburn is severe or occurs for an extended period of time, you may have;GERD;and will need to visit a doctor for treatment.
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Can Diverticulitis Go Away On Its Own
Yes, an attack of uncomplicated diverticulitis can go away on its own. However, you must visit your doctor for a thorough evaluation of the episode. Most attacks of uncomplicated diverticulitisare not life-threatening and usually resolve within a week. Complicated diverticulitisneeds medical attention because it can cause serious complications.
Back To Basics: What Is Heartburn
Dont be mad if you already know the definition. We just want to educate you and really make sure everyone understands whats going on in their bodies. So give us a few seconds for the basics before we move to the main part .
Despite its name,;heartburn has no connection with your heart, even though it can come with symptoms similar to those of a heart attack. It describes the reaction that happens when the muscles around the bottom of your oesophagus weaken or become too relaxed. If your muscles are not strong enough, acid can escape from the stomach into your food pipe and travel all the way up to your throat and mouth.
This process causes that unpleasant heartburn feeling, which can be treated in various ways. However, if youre not used to experiencing it or feel like the symptoms dont seem to be improving, the whole situation can become more worrying.
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How Do Acid Blockers Work To Treat Heartburn
Products like Pepcid AC® are called histamine H2 blockers, or acid blockers. Acid blockers reduce the production of stomach acid. They relieve heartburn, acid indigestion and sour stomach. Always follow the directions on the packaging or talk to your healthcare provider about how to take this medication. Acid blockers you can buy without a prescription include:
- Pepcid AC®.
- Tagamet HB®.
Take your acid blocker medicine regularly for as long as directed by your healthcare provider, even if you do not have any pain or if your symptoms get better.
Stronger acid blockers are prescription medications. These can be used to block stomach acid, treat stomach and duodenal ulcers, erosive esophagitis, and GERD. They work by reducing the production of stomach acid. Your healthcare provider will give you a specific prescription for this type of acid blocker.
The United States Food and Drug Administration recently reported elevated levels of a possible carcinogen, NDMA, in the drugs ranitidine and nizatidine . You should speak to your healthcare provider if you are taking one these medications.
What Are The Effects Of Acid Reflux
Many people consider acid reflux to be a very light problem that will subside on its own. However, it is not OKAY to have acid reflux or GERD frequently. Frequent, Acid Refluxes only indicate that there are other complications that are going on in the inside of your body. On the other hand, leaving GERD untreated or to be treated on its own will have their long-lasting and more complicated effects. These include
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What Does Heartburn Feel Like
Heartburn typically feels like a burning in the center of your chest, behind your breastbone. When you have heartburn, you may also feel symptoms like:
- A burning feeling in your chest that can last anywhere from a few minutes to a couple of hours.
- Pain in your chest when you bend over or lay down.
- A burning feeling in your throat.
- A hot, sour, acidic or salty taste in the back of your throat.
- Difficulty swallowing.
How Long Indigestion Lasts In Other Cases Depends Upon Dealing With The Causes
Heartburn, and how long it lasts, is not necessarily a function of what you eat or drink!
Chronic heartburn is actually a disease; its full name is Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease or GERD.
It is not that uncommon; some 20 million Americans live with this condition every day.GERD is a condition in which acid from the stomach flows backward, or refluxes, into the esophagus. The esophagus is the long tube that connects your mouth to your stomach.
Inside your body, a valve at the lower end of the esophagus keeps acid in the stomach and out of the esophagus. Sometimes this valve relaxes too much and allows stomach acid to reflux into the esophagus.
The feeling is like a burning chest pain which begins behind the breastbone and moves upward to the neck and throat, frequently leaving an acid or bitter taste.
The burning pain can last as long as 2 hours and is usually worse after eating. The pain is caused by too much stomach acid coming into contact with the lining of the esophagus lining.
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