Side Effects Of Stevia
The scope of risks associated with stevia are still not fully understood by the scientific community. A September 2017 analysis in Nutrition Journal examined the health outcomes of non-nutritive sweeteners and found that not enough studies had been conducted to make a judgment about stevia’s overall safety.
What science does know more about is the side effects associated with other materials. Because commercial stevia products are often a mixture of stevia extract and other types of sweeteners, it’s important to consider the known side effects of those other sweeteners.
Xylitol, erythritol, hydrogenated starch hydrolysates, isomalt, lactitol, mannitol, sorbitol and maltitol are all different types of sugar alcohols.
Sugar alcohols are commonly associated with side effects including bloating, gas and diarrhea, according to Yale New Haven Health. Research also suggests that these ingredients can cause a “laxative effect.”
So, if it includes sugar alcohols, it’s possible that a stevia product can lead to bloating, gas and diarrhea, and may have a laxative effect.
Truvia, a product marketed as a natural, stevia-based sweetener, contains stevia and erythritol, which is a sugar alcohol. For this reason, it’s possible that Truvia could lead to diarrhea, bloating and gas, and it’s also possible that consuming Truvia could have a laxative effect.
So, does stevia cause diarrhea? It’s not possible to say for sure.
Is Monk Fruit A Safe Sweetener
Monk fruit has been tested on animals that model humans, and there have been no adverse side effects seen in adults, children, or pregnant or lactating mothers, Jay Cowin, RNC, RNT, NNCP, CHN, CSNA, ASYSTEMs Registered Nutritionist and Director of Formulations, states. However, there have not been any human tests on children or pregnant women.
The FDA allows Monk Fruit in beverages and sweeteners in the US.
Involvement Of The Raffinose
The GOSs are not sugar alcohols but may occasion similar gastrointestinal disturbances as the latter. Historically, the GOS group of carbohydrates deserve attention in this context because of the presence of GOS in some polyol-containing manufactured foods. Indeed, field experience suggests that consumers frequently misjudge the causative food agent when simultaneously consuming raffinose-based food of a leguminous nature and sugar alcohol-containing confectionaries or medicines. Therefore, the role of GOS will be concisely discussed here. Legumes, rich in GOSs, normally contain only insignificant quantities of sugar alcohols.
Oligosaccharides began to receive more attention as a result of the growing interest in bringing new sources of protein into the food system, including soybeans, which contain these sugars. Oligosaccharides are not digested because the human alimentary canal does not produce the necessary enzyme, -galactosidase. Nor are oligosaccharides resorbed by the intestinal wall, owing to their high molecular weight. Consequently, they come in contact with bacteria that inhabit the lower parts of the intestine. The bacteria are able to utilize the raffinose-family oligosaccharides with subsequent formation of flatus . These oligosaccharides may also promote the growth of bifidobacteria in the human intestine and cause diarrhea when consumed in excess of a particular quantity .
Recommended Reading: Almond Milk Makes Me Bloated
Monk Fruit Vs Stevia On Keto
Monk fruit has a similar effect to stevia. However, as the extract of the green leaves, that of monk fruit is extremely sweet and adds about 250 times the sweetness to foods compared to sugar.
The natural sweeteners also performed similarly in a recent study.
After consuming beverages sweetened with stevia and monk fruit, researchers did not find a significant difference in blood glucose and insulin levels .
Similarly, both calorie-free sweeteners can cause cravings due to their extreme sweetness .
In addition, steviol glycosides, like monk fruit mogrosides, can stimulate insulin secretion directly in the pancreas .
Therefore, stevia is no more ideal for weight loss and ketosis than monk fruit.
What distinguishes stevia from monk fruit are several studies that have evaluated this natural sweetener for potential health benefits and side effects.
While stevia extract is said to have similar antioxidant, antimicrobial, or anti-inflammatory effects, side effects, in particular, have been better studied .
Contrary to the cheers of marketing, studies suggest the following side effects of stevia :
- Reduction of fertility in women
- Impairment of reproductive organs in men
- Alteration of the gut microbiome
- Promotion of weight gain, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes
Even though hardly anyone talks about it, natural non-nutritive sweeteners also have their downsides.
Also Disaccharide Sugar Alcohols May Cause Osmotic Diarrhea
Maltitol is a disaccharide sugar alcohol derived from maltose by dehydrogenation. Owing to the hydrolytic cleavage of maltitol by intestinal enzymes, free glucose and free d-glucitol are formed. The liberated glucose molecules are absorbed virtually completely, whereas the liberated d-glucitol is incompletely absorbed, contributes to osmotic diarrhea, and is eventually subject to microbial fermentation in the gut. Zunft et al. showed already in 1983 that maltitol will be digested and utilized by man, rat, and rabbit. A daily application of 35g maltitol to humans did not influence the parameters of well-being, compatibility, and fecal state.
It may be of interest that maltitol has been shown to protect against dimethylhydrazine-induced tumours in rat caecum and proximal colon. This may result from butyric acid formation . Another possible benefit is the maltitol-associated promotion of calcium absorption and advantageous bone effects in rat models , a reaction that has also been observed with xylitol . In the past, some countries, including Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, and Norway, have required manufacturers to include warning labels on packages of maltitol-containing comestibles, since excessive consumption may have laxative effects. The FDA has regarded maltitol as a GRAS substance with a warning about its cathartic potential when consumed at levels above 100g per day .
Recommended Reading: What Does It Mean When You Keep Having Heartburn
What To Look For When Buying Monk Fruit Extract
Monk fruit extract or sweetener can be purchased online or in health food stores. Note that the sweetness depends on the concentration of the extract and the number of mogrosides it contains. These mogrosides are ranked from 1-5 in terms of their sweetness. Number 5 is the sweetest, and conveys the most health benefits.
Of course, certain manufacturers may modify the sweetness of a product by adding other ingredients. When purchasing monk fruit sweeteners, check the ingredients listing for additives. Some commercial products may blend monk fruit with dextrose, molasses and/or sugar alcohols to balance the sweetness. Check the label and be aware of what youre purchasing.
Having Loose Stools Or Diarrhea These Foods Could Be The Cause
Using the bathroom after eating or drinking is a normal part of the bodys digestion process. But for some people, certain foods trigger an urgent need to go to the restroom maybe with diarrhea shortly after eating.
If you notice youre sprinting to the bathroom or having diarrhea regularly, one of these seven foods may be the culprit:
Your beloved cup of coffee may be a reason youre running to the bathroom.
Many people have a bowel movement after drinking this morning staple. The caffeine in coffee is a stimulant, explains Dr. David Talabiska, gastroenterologist at Geisinger. It can help you feel more alert, but it also stimulates your digestive system. This makes it work faster and less efficiently, potentially causing loose stool or diarrhea.
Some people may even get the same effect from drinking decaf coffee, too.
Its likely that chemicals in coffee, like gastrin and cholecystokinin, also contribute to the after-coffee bathroom trip, but the effects of these chemicals arent completely understood, adds Dr. Talabiska.
2. Sugar substitutes:
Seeing diet or sugar-free on a label may be a red flag if you get diarrhea from eating certain foods. Some of the natural and artificial sweeteners in diet drinks and foods, such as aspartame, sucralose, maltitol and sorbitol, may not digest properly for some people, explains Dr. Talabiska.
Fast food, like french fries, burgers or fried chicken, can cause diarrhea.
4. Spicy food:
Read Also: Can Align Probiotic Cause Nausea
Is Stevia Or Monk Fruit Better For You
In many ways, stevia and monk fruit sweeteners appear similar. Like monk fruit sweeteners, stevia contains zero calories, carbs, and sugars.
These two LCSs also share similar side effects. Like monk fruit, stevia can cause gastrointestinal upset. Like other LCSs, stevia may also increase cravings and overall appetite.
Considering these similarities, then, is one LCS option better for you than others?
The FDA has designated monk fruit as GRAS. It has also approved some high-purity steviol glycosides as GRAS. However, it has not granted the same designation to stevia leaf or crude stevia extracts.
These regulations alone raise caution regarding stevia products.
To meet FDA requirements, stevia products also tend to be even more highly refined. Thus, consumers seeking a truly natural product might look elsewhere.
Furthermore, some consumers have experienced allergic reactions to stevia products. People with allergies to daisies, chrysanthemums, and sunflowers are at particular risk.
Finally, studies have yet to test the specific effects of monk fruit on the gut microbiome. However, existing studies have shown the potential of stevia to alter this environment.
Risks And Side Effects
Why is erythritol bad for you, according to some research? Below are the major concerns with sugar alcohols, including erythritol.
1. Usually Genetically Modified
The World Health Organization defines genetically modified organisms as foods derived from organisms whose genetic material has been modified in a way that does not occur naturally, e.g. through the introduction of a gene from a different organism.
Although there are non-GMO varieties available, much of the erythritol used in foods and beverages today is derived from cornstarch from genetically modified corn.
While this is still a controversial topic with ongoing research, animal studies have linked consumption of GMOs with potential problems, such as:
3. Can Cause Gastrointestinal Problems
Sugar alcohols pass through your body essentially untouched, much like dietary fiber does. This is why they can produce abdominal gas, bloating and diarrhea in some individuals as they are not completely absorbed by the body and are fermented by bacteria in the large intestine.
Some of the most common erythritol side effects are undesirable gastrointestinal side effects that children are especially susceptible to.
Especially when consumed in excess, unabsorbed erythritol can attract water from the intestinal wall and cause diarrhea.
Also Check: Can Turmeric Give You Diarrhea
Does Monk Fruit Sweetener Make Sense For Your Diet
Natural sweeteners such as monk fruit provide the sweet taste that we all crave, yet they have virtually no effect on your blood sugar. Its no secret that most of us consume far too much sugar and that this is contributing to a huge increase in gut disorders like Candida overgrowth, obesity, and diabetes.
Monk fruit is a healthy, natural alternative to sugar and artificial sweeteners. Some people may find it even better than sugar alcohols, which can cause occasional digestive problems. The only tricky part is finding it: monk fruit extract is not yet as readily available as other sweeteners such as stevia, xylitol and erythritol.
If youre not sure how to eat on the Candida diet, dont worry! Dr Eric Wood and I have put together a comprehensive guide to the dietary and lifestyle changes that you need to make to restore your gut health and energy levels. Check it out here.
Beat your candida in 60 days with this detailed 5-step program
If you’re looking for a more comprehensive Candida treatment plan, check out the Ultimate Candida Diet program, written by Lisa Richards and Dr Eric Wood. This plan is based on the latest research into Candida Related Complex, and contains everything you need to know to beat your Candida overgrowth.
Monk Fruit Elevates Insulin Levels On Keto
Most experts oversee that in ketogenic diets, it is not only blood sugar that matters but also its effect on insulin secretion.
In addition to weight gain and loss, the storage hormone also regulates the metabolic state of ketosis.
Especially since insulin prevents body fat from being broken down for energy, it is the true showstopper of weight loss and ketosis .
Therefore, to determine if monk fruit is keto-friendly and can help with weight loss, we need to study its effects on insulin levels.
Finally, researchers can already predict 75% of gain and loss in overweight individuals by examining insulin levels .
With this in mind, researchers were unable to detect significant differences in glucose and insulin levels over three hours after monk fruit and sugar ingestion .
But it goes even more clearly. One study found that monk fruit extract stimulates insulin production in pancreatic beta cells.
In doing so, the researchers showed that isolated mogroside V significantly increased insulin secretion. Thus, they concluded that mogrosides are probably the leading cause of the insulin-producing effect .
Consequently, the evidence is clearly against monk fruit extract. Accordingly, it inhibits weight loss and can throw you out of ketosis as well.
You May Like: Heartburn After Eating Peanut Butter
Downsides Risks And Side Effects
What are the side effects of monk fruit? Its generally considered to be very safe, since there have been very few reported side effects or negative reactions.
It appears to be safe for adults, children and pregnant/nursing women to consume, based on available research and the fact that its been consumed for centuries in Asia.
Unlike some other sweeteners, its unlikely to cause diarrhea or bloating when consumed in moderate amounts.
As a sugar substitute it was approved for use by the FDA in 2010 and is considered generally safe for consumption. That said, its approval was pretty recent, so there are no long-term studies available to test monk fruit side effects over time, meaning its best to exercise care when consuming it in large amounts.
Types Of Monk Fruit Sweeteners
Pure monk fruit sweeteners contain only the fruit’s juice. It is available in both liquid and powder form. As a powder, monk fruit sweetener appears white or yellow in color.
More commonly, consumers find monk fruit sweeteners that combine the extract and a bulking agent. Bulking agents include erythritol, dextrose, and allulose. The addition of these agents makes using monk fruit sweeteners easier.
Monk fruit products that contain bulking agents appear similar to sugar and other LCSs. Because the bulking agent dilutes the extract’s sweetness, these products also measure similar to sugar.
Popular monk fruit sweetener products include Purefruit®, Nectresse®, PureLo®, Monk Fruit in the Raw®, and Fruit-Sweetness®.
Consumers can use these monk fruit sweeteners in drinks and even in baking. Monk fruit sweeteners remain stable at high temperatures. However, substituting monk fruit sweetener for sugar can produce differences in the texture, look, and taste of baked goods.
Consumers may also notice monk fruit sweeteners as ingredients in other products. These include juices and other cold beverages. Some dairy products and condiments also use monk fruit sweetener. Finally, like homemade baked goods, store-bought desserts and candy may also include monk fruit sweetener.
Read Also: Does Peanut Butter Cause Heartburn
How Safe Is Monk Fruit
Monk fruit is generally safe and healthy for everyone, including pregnant and breastfeeding women and children, according to the Food and Drug Administration .
It has no known side effects and is categorized as a non-nutritive sweetener, meaning that it has no significant nutritional effect.
Unlike sugar, it wont boost your energy levels or give you a sense of high once you consume it.
A panel of experts conducted a 90-day study to see how monk fruit affected rats reproduction and development.
According to the results, monk fruit wasnt toxic to the rats.
However, there werent any scientific studies that examined the long-term effects of the fruit on the human body.
How Do You Get Stevia Out Of Your Body
The steviol glucuronide ends up in the kidneys and is excreted in the urine. There is no accumulation in the body of steviol glycosides. Everything that is put into the body is expelled through urine and feces. Stevia has no accumulation in the body and research demonstrates promoted insulin production.
Read Also: Does Romaine Lettuce Cause Gas
Monk Drops 100% Monkfruit Liquid
Flavor Name: Extreme Mint, Original, Pomegranate
Composition: Monk fruit extract
About this product:
- Monk Drops is a new type of natural sweetener made from a single ingredient, monk fruit extract. In liquid form, it is ideal to mix with coffee or tea as it dissolves quickly.
- Use a safety cap to prevent leakage and spillage, accompanied by a micro-dropper tip for precise and accurate droplets. Some precipitation can occur when left undisturbed for a while. To enjoy maximum results, please shake this product well before use.
- Highly concentrated and can be mixed with any liquid. Just add a few drops according to the desired level of sweetness. This product does not add water or alcohol to our products like many other brands.
- It is made from 100% monk fruit extract, so it will not raise blood sugar and has no glycemic impact.
Composition: Monk Fruit Liquid Sweetener
About this product:
- Juice extract of a single ingredient is 15-20 times sweeter than sugar. Six drops equal a teaspoon of sugar for a pure sweetness without calories. Good for adding sweetness to coffee, tea, smoothies, yogurt, and more.
- With zero calories and carbohydrates, this natural sweetener without glycemic index offers adherence to low-carb paleo, keto, gluten-free, and other diets. This does not affect blood sugar levels.
- Stable in hot and cold temperatures, it can dissolve quickly into liquids rather than sugar substitutes.
Composition: Non-GMO Erythritol and Monk Fruit Extract
The Benefits Of Monk Fruit
Since the body is able to efficiently process monk fruit, it wont cause any of the side effects that other alternative sweeteners cause. There are no reports of excessive gas, bloating, or laxative effects from the use of monk fruit sweeteners.
Its one of few alternative sweeteners that doesnt come with any of those uncomfortable drawbacks.
Since monk fruit is significantly structurally different from sugar, bacteria have no interest in it either. Monk fruit has no negative impact on the microbiome of the gut or the mouth. It wont contribute to cavities or tooth decay.
The mogrosides that make monk fruit sweet are even antioxidants. Antioxidants work to protect your cells against damage from things called free radicals, which may contribute to some diseases and heart disease.
The sweetness of monk fruit is something that is actively healthy for you — what more could you ask for?
You May Like: Can Ibs Come And Go