Low Quality Probiotics May Cause Side Effects
Probiotics manufactured by inferior companies do not care about your dogs healthy. They are only in the business to make a profit and produce cheap, unstable probiotics that quickly degrade in the dogs stomach before reaching the intestines. Unless probiotic bacteria reach the dogs intestines in tact and still retaining all their beneficial properties, they are essentially useless and may even be harmful to the dog once seeded in the GI tract.
Another problem with low quality probiotics is that they may labeled for dogs but are, in fact, meant for humans. Nearly all bacteria are host-specific, meaning that some bacteria are designed to exist in dogs and some specific to humans. Giving dogs human probiotic supplements may cause side effects that include vomiting, severe diarrhea and dehydration.
Canine-specific bacteria are:
- L. reuteri
- L. salivarius
Every one of these bacteria can be found in high-quality probiotics formulated especially for dogs. In addition, superior canine probiotics will offer the correct CFU, or colony forming units, beneficial to your dogs health. A probiotic formulas CFU is the total amount of bacterium in the formula. Some formulas combine all bacteria strains into one CFU count while others will list each strain of bacteria on the label, along with its unique CFU.
Lactobacillus acidophilus is one of the beneficial bacteria in canines.
How To Choose The Right Probiotic
When looking for probiotic products, look for a supplement with the following features
Multispecies and multistrainprobiotic: The product should contain different bacterial species and multiple strains of bacteria.
Differentiated products tailored to your needs: Different digestive issues warrant different probiotic strains. Therefore, for optimal benefits, try to seek out a probiotic that is tailored to the specific health outcomes you are trying to achieve.
Clinical studies: The probiotic and its claims should be backed by clinical studies using the final product. This will ensure that you are buying a product whose effects have been studied and proven.
Human strains: Only human bacterial strains can colonize your gut . Other bacteria, such as bacteria found in fermented foods such as yogurt and in soil-based probiotics, cannot colonize the gut and usually pass through your body within a few days. For lasting positive effects, you want to make sure that you have human strains that can colonize.
Free of animal proteins, allergens and fillers: It is recommended to choose a probiotic that is free of dairy and other animal proteins, gluten, soy and yeast to ensure you are taking a clean product.
Delivery mechanism: When you ingest your probiotic, the probiotic travels through the harsh, very acidic environment of the stomach before it reaches the small and large intestine.
How Popular Are Probiotics
The 2012 National Health Interview Survey showed that about 4 million U.S. adults had used probiotics or prebiotics in the past 30 days. Among adults, probiotics or prebiotics were the third most commonly used dietary supplement other than vitamins and minerals. The use of probiotics by adults quadrupled between 2007 and 2012. The 2012 NHIS also showed that 300,000 children age 4 to 17 had used probiotics or prebiotics in the 30 days before the survey.
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After Taking Probiotics Regularly I Started To Feel Super Sick
It happened at a Jonas Brothers concert. One minute I was singing along to “Year 3000,” feeling my happiness beginning, and the next I was in the bathroom trying not to throw up. My stomach hurt the entire ride home, and I remember thinking I must have eaten something weird or maybe I was getting sick. A week later, on a flight to Los Angeles to visit my brother, I started to feel sick again, and this time, my symptoms didn’t let up the entire trip.
After forgetting to take my nighttime pills for a couple days – including the 30 billion colony forming units of probiotics I had recently started taking to help my IBS – I started feeling better. That’s when I realized the two might be connected. Is it possible to take too many probiotics? And what exactly are the side effects? I talked to a gastroenterologist to find out more.
Stomach Aches Or Cramps
An upset stomach can go hand-in-hand with symptoms like gas and bloating, says McCallum, and should fade in a few weeks if itâs just a matter of your body adjusting to your new probiotics. But if unwelcome bloat continues living in your gut, it can cause everything from nausea to cramping in the longer term, and could be a sign that your probiotics arenât agreeing with you.
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Are There Any Risks Related To Probiotics
Probiotics are generally considered safe. However, there are some risks linked to the supplements. These risks are increased if you have a medical condition that weakens your immune system, have recently had surgery or have other serious medical conditions.
Unlikely, but possible, risks can include:
- Developing an infection.
- Developing a resistance to antibiotics.
- Developing harmful byproducts from the probiotic supplement.
How Are Probiotics Regulated In The United States
Government regulation of probiotics in the United States is complex. Depending on a probiotic productâs intended use, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration might regulate it as a dietary supplement, a food ingredient, or a drug.
Many probiotics are sold as dietary supplements, which donât require FDA approval before they are marketed. Dietary supplement labels may make claims about how the product affects the structure or function of the body without FDA approval, but they arenât allowed to make health claims, such as saying the supplement lowers your risk of getting a disease, without the FDAâs consent.
If a probiotic is going to be marketed as a drug for treatment of a disease or disorder, it has to meet stricter requirements. It must be proven safe and effective for its intended use through clinical trials and be approved by the FDA before it can be sold.
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Is There An Ideal Amount Of Probiotics To Take Each Day
While everyone is different, Gandhi recommends a probiotic with more than 20 billion colony-forming units within each dose. And looking for probiotics with various strains can be helpful in diversifying the gut microbiome, she explains.*
If you’re wary about increasing probiotic intake, the best thing to do is monitor your body for any reactions or discomfort. You can also ease into it by taking “one pill every three days and slowly come back to the recommended dose,” says Singh. “There’s no rush.” Alternatively, since most probiotics come in capsule form, you can open up the capsule and take a fraction of the dose to see how you do with it, and build up to a full dose as tolerated.
How To Deal Is Too Much Probiotics Bad
Taking too many probiotics could cause a number of the issues you had been hoping to treatment within the first place like gasoline points, says Kessler. You would possibly expertise gasoline once you first begin probiotics as your physique adjusts to the brand new micro organism, in line with 2010 analysis within the American Journal of Well being-System Pharmacy. If thats the reason for your extra flatulence, then it ought to subside in just a few weeks as your physique will get used to the complement.
But when the gasoline persists, it might be an indication that you simplyre coping with a bacterial overgrowth situation referred to as small intestinal bacterial overgrowth . Analysis reveals that these extra microorganisms can go on a feeding frenzy everytime you eat, fermenting the meals in your digestive tract into further air. The top outcome? Much more disagreeable flatulence than traditional, in line with Kessler.
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Should Children Eat Probiotic Foods
Some studies suggest that probiotics may be good for children. One study found that children who were given probiotics every day for 3 months were less likely to have respiratory problems and diarrhea than children who were given a placebo.
And while more research is needed, probiotics may reduce childrens risk of developing certain conditions like autoimmune diseases, allergies and asthma.
On the other hand, some researchers note that probiotics may not have much effect on children. Because their microbiome isnt fully developed, probiotics may simply be passed as normal waste.
Probiotics are considered safe for kids with some exceptions, notes Dr. Drass. You should avoid giving your child probiotics if they have a compromised immune system or cancer, or if they are a premature infant. In these cases, probiotics can put them at risk for infections.
In general, its better for kids to get probiotics through foods instead of supplements unless their pediatrician recommends otherwise. Talk to your childs doctor if youre thinking about using probiotics to help your childs digestion because keeping your child safe and healthy is their prime concern.
What Is The Right Dosage
The dosage of probiotics is measured in colony-forming units , which represent the number of bacteria or fungal cells in the sample that can form their own colony. An average probiotic supplement will include anywhere from 1 to 10 billion CFUs, however, the right dosage of probiotics looks different from person to person and depends on diet, age, weight, and the bodys tolerance for probiotics.
A healthy adult will generally consume about 20 billion CFUs daily through food and supplements, so its unlikely you will overdo it on probiotics by simply taking one daily supplement along with a balanced diet. Nevertheless, its best to determine the dosage that you need by consulting with your personal healthcare provider or nutritionist. They can best evaluate your current diet and medical needs and make personalized dosage and strain recommendations that will prevent bloating or other discomfort.
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Too Many Probiotics From A Single Strain
While there are no studies we know of, we do advise taking a multi-strain probiotic product as opposed to a single-strain supplement. Its possible that too many probiotics from a single strain may lead to a microbiome imbalance. This leads to a monoculture that may cause more harm than good. Again, there are no studies on this, but this is the sentiment expressed by Dr. Zach Bush, a triple-board-certified physician in the area of internal medicine, endocrinology and metabolism.
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In an interview with Shape magazine, Dr. Bush explains that too many probiotics from only one or two strains may create an unstable intestinal environment. We agree with this assessment. The gut microbiome is naturally diverse. Its unnatural to overpopulate it with a single strain and create an environment where a single bacterium even if beneficial dominates.
How Many Probiotic Cfus Do Dogs Need
This depends on the type and severity of the dogs health condition. Owners who put their dogs on canine probiotics should closely monitor the dog, observe their eating and sleeping habits, determine whether the dogs energy level has increased and decide if the dose should be adjusted.
Depending on how much your dog weighs, a total CFU of one to four billion is extremely effective in restoring your dogs health. To minimize the risk of side effects, dogs under 50 pounds should be given between one and three billion CFUs of probiotics for the first few days. Dogs weighing more than 50 pounds can handle between two and five billion CFUs per day. Its also a good idea to divide dosages into two parts to be given at mealtimes.
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Issues To Be Aware Of
If you’re considering trying probiotics, there are a few issues you need to be aware of.
Probiotics are generally classed as food rather than medicine, which means they don’t go through the rigorous testing medicines do.
Because of the way probiotics are regulated, we can’t always be sure that:
- the product actually contains the bacteria stated on the food label
- the product contains enough bacteria to have an effect
- the bacteria are able to survive long enough to reach your gut
There are many different types of probiotics that may have different effects on the body, and little is known about which types are best.
You may find a particular type of probiotic helps with one problem. But this doesn’t mean it’ll help other problems, or that other types of probiotic will work just as well.
And there’s likely to be a huge difference between the pharmaceutical-grade probiotics that show promise in clinical trials and the yoghurts and supplements sold in shops.
Page last reviewed: 27 November 2018 Next review due: 27 November 2021
How To Give Probiotics To Your Cat
What affects gut health can be any disease, that we know for sure. However, theres also an intervention that may compromise your cats gut health as well, and thats antibiotics.
You see, they are notorious for wiping out healthy gut flora, which is the gastrointestinal makeup your cat needs to strengthen their immunity. In order to combat this, some veterinarians even recommend giving your pet cat a daily dose of probiotics when antibiotics have been consumed in order to help repopulate the good bacteria in the digestive tract.
In order to administer a dosage, its best to follow the directions that come with the probiotics. Either its been prescribed by a vet or packaged as probiotic supplements that you can purchase from the store, the quantity of doses and the frequency of giving that dose per day needs to be followed for best results.
Best results also mean a minimum to no side effects for your furry friends experience in boosting their gut health.
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Which Probiotics Should You Take With Antibiotics
Your pharmacy probably has shelves filled with different bottles of probiotics. How do you choose the right probiotics to take with your antibiotics? Dr. Bryan Tran, cofounder of DrFormulas, recommends looking for probiotics that have the three Ds:
Dose: The amount of active micro-organisms in a probiotic is measured in colony-forming units, or CFUs. You want a dose with 10 billion CFUs or higher, Dr. Tran says. This dose may appear on the product label as 1 x 1010. And while you may see probiotics with 100 billion or more CFUs, according to Dr. Hoberman, you generally stop reaping added benefits after about 20 billion.
Diversity: The label on a bottle of probiotics will also tell you which bacteria strains the capsules contain. Look for probiotics that have five to 10 unique strains. Studies that compare single-strain probiotics to multi-strain probiotics have found that a variety of strains is more effective at reducing diarrhea, Dr. Tran says.
Delayed-release mechanism: Finally, look for probiotics that use delayed-release capsules. When you take probiotics orally, you expose them to your stomach acid and that reduces the effective dosage that makes it to the gut, Dr. Tran says. Probiotics with delayed-release mechanisms wont release the microorganisms until they go past the stomach.
May Lead To Weight Gain
According to an article published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, having too much of yogurt can lead to increased weight.
Sweeteners such as aspartame and high-fructose corn syrup are added to yogurt. HFCS has a high glycemic index, which can spike the blood sugar. Aspartame contains methanol, which is toxic even if consumed in small doses. Also, commercially processed yogurt has flavorings and additives.
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Can I Use Probiotics To Help With Medical Conditions
There is currently a large amount of research happening around the idea of what probiotics can do for your body. Even though there are a lot of possibly positive outcomes, researchers are still working to find definitive answers about how probiotics can help with various conditions.
However, there are some medical conditions where probiotics may help. This can vary between people meaning that what works for one person may not work for another. These can also vary based on the certain probiotic that is taken.
Some of the conditions that might be helped by increasing the amount of probiotics in your body include:
- Upper respiratory infections .
Use Probiotics To Your Benefit
By now you should be more aware of the potential side effects of overdosing on probiotics and how to eliminate or minimize those side effects. If you continue to have discomfort while taking probiotics, I recommend you stop taking that particular brand.
Because of the differences in dose, diversity, and delivery mechanisms, not all probiotics are created equal. One probiotic will not have the same benefits or side effects as another.
For example, a probiotic using one strain of Lactobacillus acidophilus may help your digestive health, but another using a different Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain may not have the same effect. It may take some experimenting to determine the right brand for you.
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Why We Need Probiotics
Probiotics are LIVE bacteria that are important in health and may be linked with gut or gastrointestinal health. I know what you are thinking: BACTERIA??? Yes! Probiotics are a good bacteria that are naturally found in your gut. Your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad, that you need plenty of to keep your digestive system working properly. In a normal, healthy gut environment, the amount of good bacteria and bad bacteria are kept in balance. Occasionally this bacteria can get out of balance and we may have more of the bad bacteria and less of the good. Taking additional good bacteria, or probiotics, can help get that ratio of good and bad bacteria in balance again.
The two most prevalent strains of the good bacteria, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, can be found in most dairy foods and fermented foods as live and active cultures. Probiotics have been used for management of tummy issues, such as relieving symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, preventing specific allergy symptoms, reducing symptoms of lactose intolerance and more.