Drink Plenty Of Liquids
Diarrhea can cause dehydration. This is especially true if it is chronic or explosive.
Drink lots of water and other hydrating fluids. Being well-hydrated can also keep your skin from drying out.
You should always drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day. If you have diarrhea, you will need to drink more.
In addition to water, you can sip electrolyte-rich sports drinks. This can help replace lost sodium, potassium, and other important minerals. Don’t drink too much of these, though. Sports drinks are often high in sugar.
Drinking Plenty Of Fluids
You can lose a lot of fluid if you have diarrhoea so it is important to replace this to prevent dehydration. Drink as often as you can, even if it is just small sips.
But you should avoid alcoholic drinks, and drinks with caffeine because they make you lose fluid, rather than replace it.
The best types of fluids to drink include:
- non fizzy drinks
If your diarrhoea is severe then replacement drinks such as Diarolyte can help. They replace the loss of fluid and salts in your body. Do speak with your nurse, doctor, or pharmacist beforehand for advice if you have diarrhoea.
An Itchy Bottom And A Vicious Circle
Another example of a vicious circle is: you may buy an ointment if you have a small pile . This may contain an ingredient that your skin is sensitive to, particularly if your skin is already a little inflamed. It may sensitise the skin even more and the itch becomes worse. You may think that the haemorrhoid has become worse, so you put on more ointment. But, in fact it is the ointment itself making the itch worse and so on.
Most creams and ointments do not irritate the skin in most people. However, be aware that there are many preparations with various ingredients and you may become sensitive to one of them.
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Drink Plenty Of Fluids
One of the biggest problems with diarrhea is dehydration. This is what leads many people to the emergency room.
Diarrhea causes the body to lose a lot of water and electrolytes it needs to function normally. Electrolytes are minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium that are needed for various bodily processes
Its important to treat dehydration properly. Otherwise, it can become dangerous, especially in young children.
To manage a mild bout of diarrhea, you need to replace the fluids and electrolytes you lost. Drink plenty of water, clear juices, clear broths, or an electrolyte-rich sports drink.
There are also things you should avoid when you have an episode of diarrhea. Avoid coffee, caffeinated drinks, prune juice, sugary drinks, sodas, and alcohol. These all have a laxative effect. Its also a good idea to avoid dairy products if youre lactose intolerant, which means you cant digest the main sugar in milk well.
Young children and babies with diarrhea need pediatric rehydration drinks. These are marketed under certain brand names, like:
Breastfed babies should continue to breastfeed. Children should continue eating their regular diet. Also, they should drink rehydrating fluids. This is better than putting them on a restrictive diet.
Some people want to avoid the artificial colorings or flavorings in some rehydration drinks. You can make a homemade rehydration drink with only salt, sugar, and water.
Apply A Barrier Cream
A barrier cream is any topical lotion or gel that coats the skin. This can give you some protection from watery diarrhea.
Look for diaper rash cream containing zinc oxide. This works well when applied to clean, dry skin. Petroleum jelly or vitamin A or vitamin D cream can also be effective.
Reapply a thin layer of cream after each bowel movement. If the inflammation is severe, you may want to apply a layer right before a bowel movement, if possible.
See a gastroenterologist if you have or spasms. A rectal spasm is a sharp pain or cramping in your rectum.
Ask your gastroenterologist about prescription medications like topical nitroglycerin. This medicine can ease spasms and help you heal.
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Avoid Wipes With Alcohol Or Fragrances
Toilet paper and wipes containing alcohol or fragrances can cause allergic reactions or irritation. If youre going to the bathroom more often than usual, you might also be more sensitive to these products than youd typically be.
Using toilet paper or wet wipes labeled hypoallergenic may help reduce skin irritation.
Being Prepared When You Go Out
One of the hardest things about having diarrhoea is that it can sometimes happen very suddenly. You will probably want to be close to a toilet at all times to avoid accidents.
It is very natural to feel embarrassed and upset if an accident does happen, even if no one else knows about it. You may worry that people will smell it. But your close family and friends will understand and will want to help and make things as easy as possible for you.
To avoid accidents when you go out, you can help to prepare yourself:
- know exactly where the toilets are in the place you are going
- dont go on long car, train or bus trips
- take spare underwear, pads, soothing creams and a plastic bag with you, just in case
- you can always rinse out underwear in the bathroom sink and put it in the bag to take home no one needs to know about this
- wearing a pad can help to protect your underwear and make you feel a bit safer
- take a spare stoma bag with you if you have a colostomy or ileostomy
- there are products on the market to help mask the smell from a colostomy so ask your stoma nurse about these
- contact the Bladder and Bowel Foundation or Pelvic Radiotherapy Disease Association for a ‘Just can’t wait’ card to give you quick access to public toilets
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When Should You See A Doctor
You will have to seek medical attention if you experience any of the following.
- No sign of relief from diarrhea even after a day or two
- Lack of appetite and severe weight loss
- Fever, chills, and night sweats
- Extreme thirst, exhaustion, and light-headedness
- Dark-colored urine
|Ogbonnaya, Kalu I., and Ridha Arem. Diabetic diarrhea: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. Archives of internal medicine 150, no. 2. 1990.|
Foods And Liquids To Include In Your Meals
Try to eat 6 or more small meals each day when you have diarrhea. Do not have meals with large portions.
Follow the BRATY diet to help control your diarrhea. The BRATY diet is made up mostly of:
- Sausage and bacon
Foods and liquids with lactose
Lactose is a sugar thats found in milk and milk products. When your bowels are irritated, you may not be able to fully digest lactose. This can cause gas, stomach cramping, and diarrhea. Try not to eat foods and liquids with lactose when you have diarrhea. These include:
- Cream and sour cream
- Ice cream and sherbet
If you cant avoid foods and liquids with lactose, you can take a lactase supplement that helps you digest lactose. Take the supplement before you eat or drink any milk or milk products.
Other foods to avoid
- Foods and liquids that have sorbitol. Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found in some gum and sugar-free hard candies.
Depending on the reason youre having diarrhea, your healthcare provider will make suggestions on what you can eat and drink. They may suggest you only limit certain foods and liquids, or they may recommend a special diet.
If youre on a special diet or have diabetes, it may be hard for you to follow these guidelines. A clinical dietitian nutritionist or a diabetes educator can work with you. Ask your healthcare provider for a referral. A referral is when your healthcare provider sends you to see another healthcare provider for more services.
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What Is This Medication
CAPSAICIN is a pain reliever. It is used to treat pain in muscles or joints.
This medicine may be used for other purposes ask your health care provider or pharmacist if you have questions.
COMMON BRAND NAME: Arthricare for Women, Capzasin-HP, Capzasin-P, Castiva Warming, Circatrix, DermacinRx, DermacinRx Circata, Zostrix
Another Diarrhea Culprit: Irritable Bowel Syndrome
IBS can be really challenging and it comes with some uncomfortable symptoms:
- stomach pain, cramping
- diarrhea, constipation, or both
If you have IBS then you likely alternate between periods of diarrhea and bouts of constipation. People with IBS-D experience an average of 200 episodes of gas and diarrhea per year. Thats almost as many episodes as Friends had in 10 years. Perspective, eh?
IBS is a chronic condition, but there are ways to manage it with the help of your doctor:
- Keep a food diary so you are aware of potential triggers.
- Adjust fiber intake .
- Eat small, plain meals during diarrhea phases.
- Exercise regularly and drink plenty of water.
- Be careful with OTC anti-diarrhea meds .
- Try acupuncture.
- Take probiotics as directed by your doctor.
- Practice yoga and meditation to reduce stress.
- Try doctor-prescribed medications like lubiprostone or alosetron.
Thats not all, unfortunately. There are a few other gastrointestinal conditions that can cause chronic diarrhea.
- Crohns disease
Since there are so many different reasons for diarrhea, you should seek help from a doctor to pinpoint exactly whats causing your distress. You might be experiencing:
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How Can Perianal Disease Affect You
It is often impossible to determine the nature of the problem from the symptoms alone so all cases of bleeding from the bottom, new pain and lumps should be notified to your doctor for assessment. In most cases it is possible for the GP to provide reassurance that the problem is harmless, and easily treatable but in a small minority of patients in whom the symptoms or signs could represent a more serious problem, an urgent referral to a bowel specialist will be required.
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What Causes Bleeding From The Rectal Area
There are many causes of rectal bleeding. Common causes include hemorrhoids, , diverticulosis, infection, inflammation , blood vessel problems . Other causes of rectal bleeding include polyps, tumors, trauma, an upper gastrointestinal source like stomach ulcers, and Meckels diverticulum . Ischemia of the bowel occurs when blood flow to the bowel reduces or stops. For example, ischemic colitis usually occurs at the junction of the transverse and descending colon and can produce bright red or maroon blood. This article provides some of the details of the major causes of rectal bleeding.
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Being Prepared At Home
When you are at home, try to:
- protect your mattress put a large pad or towel on your bed if you are worried about having diarrhoea during the night
- leave a night light on near your bed, in the hallway and bathroom to light up where you are going so you can get to the toilet quickly
There are disposable waterproof bed pads made for toddlers during toilet training. These can be very handy and help you to feel more secure. You can buy these, or your nurse may be able to give you some from the hospital, as they use a similar product. You could also contact your local continence advisor by finding them on the Bladder and Bowel Foundation database.
You may feel safer with a commode by the bed if you arent able to move quickly. Your nurse can help you arrange to borrow a commode for as long as you need it.
Even if it is embarrassing, it is important to let your doctor know if you are having accidents. They may be able to change your anti diarrhoea medicines.
Home Remedies For Rectal Bleeding
If minimal rectal bleeding, such as blood-streaked toilet tissue, is the source of the problem, it may be due to hemorrhoids or a rectal fissure. Home therapy can be attempted. A physician should promptly evaluate and treat all other causes of rectal bleeding.
Self-care of rectal bleeding may include various rectal ointments and suppositories. People can buy these over-the-counter items without a prescription. If the persons symptoms do not improve within one week of treatment, or he or she is older than 40 years of age, a doctor should be seen for further evaluation.
Simple home care of rectal bleeding includes the following:
- Drink eight to 10 glasses of water per day.
- Increase fiber in the diet with supplements such as Metamucil, Benefiber, or foods such as prunes.
- Avoid sitting on the toilet too long.
- Apply ice packs to the affected area to decrease pain.
- Take a sitz bath. This is a warm water bath with water just deep enough to cover the hips and buttocks, and can help relieve some symptoms of itching, pain and discomfort of hemorrhoids.
- Avoid drinking alcohol, as that contributes to dehydration, which is one cause of constipation.
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Apply Moisturizer To Top Of Butt Crack Split
If you notice the top of your butt crack is split, you should consider applying some gentle moisturizer after cleaning the sore area. It usually helps because it reduces the pain caused by dry skin. If the pain persists after trying this remedy, you may have to think of other solutions available for other medical conditions, such as intertrigo, or a pilonidal cyst, which is an abnormal pocket in your skin filled with skin debris and hair.
Stomach Acids Digestive Enzymes And Bile
When food enters the stomach, acids and digestive enzymes attach themselves to it and begin breaking it down.
The digestive system adds bile to food when it passes through the small intestine. By the time food passes through, these acids and enzymes should no longer be acidic.
Diarrhea speeds up the digestion process, so foods often do not break down fully. This means that stomach acids, digestive enzymes, and bile may still be present in diarrhea. These can damage the tissues and cause a burning sensation in the rectum during or after a bowel movement.
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When To Seek Medical Attention
If you are feeling dehydrated or if your diarrhea lasts longer than three days, seek help from a medical provider.
If you are in extreme pain that does not subside or if accompanying symptoms persist then consult a healthcare expert.
If you are feeling dizzy, cannot stop going to the toilet, and have trouble breathing or keeping food or liquid in your stomach then call 911 or visit the emergency room.
Those suffering from chronic illnesses, accompanying autoimmune disorders, are elderly, or very young will need medical attention almost immediately before the condition worsens.
A healthcare practitioner will run a few tests to determine the cause of your diarrhea and advise you on the best treatment options for your condition.
They may also conduct a physical examination to check your eyes, mouth, urine, and stool to reach an accurate diagnosis.
Sometimes, a physician may also want to test samples of your blood, urine, and stools for gastrointestinal pathogens and sometimes do an endoscopy, colonoscopy, or enteroscopy.
How Is Proctitis Treated
Treatment of proctitis depends on its cause. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation, control symptoms, and eliminate infection if it’s present. Only a doctor can determine the cause of proctitis and the best course of treatment. With proper medical attention, proctitis can be successfully treated.
Proctitis from infection
If lab tests confirm that an infection is present, medication is prescribed based on the type of infection found. Antibiotics are prescribed to kill bacteria antiviral medications are prescribed to treat viruses. Although some sexually transmitted viruses cannot be eliminated, antivirals can control their symptoms.
Proctitis from other causes
If antibiotic use triggered proctitis, the doctor may prescribe a different antibiotic designed to destroy the harmful bacteria that have developed in the intestines. If proctitis is caused by anorectal trauma, the activity causing the inflammation should be stopped. Healing usually occurs in 4 to 6 weeks. The doctor may recommend over-the-counter medications such as antidiarrheals and those used for pain relief, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
When a chronic IBD such as ulcerative colitis or Crohns disease causes proctitis, treatment aims to reduce inflammation, control symptoms, and induce and maintain remission a period when the person is symptom-free. Treatment depends on the extent and severity of the disease.
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Dietary Adjustments May Help Diarrhoea
It may help to make a few short-term dietary adjustments while your bowels recover from acute diarrhoea.Be guided by your healthcare professional, but general suggestions include:
- Limit consumption of fatty, sweet or spicy foods.
- Increase consumption of starchy foods like banana, rice and bread.
- Increase consumption of yoghurt containing live cultures.
- Diarrhoea in babies and young children can be caused by fruit juice, so limit these drinks.
Risk Of Spreading Infection
Most cases of acute diarrhoea are potentially infectious to others. Viruses are easily spread, mainly through direct contact with vomit or faeces from an infected person, or through contact with a contaminated object or surface. Occasionally, the virus may be transmitted by airborne particles generated from vomiting and diarrhoea.People can reduce their chances of getting infected by carefully washing their hands after going to the toilet and before handling food. People looking after a person with the virus must also wash their hands thoroughly. Alcohol-based handwash solutions, available from pharmacies, have been shown to be better at reducing the spread of infection than soap and water, and are less drying to the skin.Anyone with acute diarrhoea should stay at home if possible to reduce the spread of infection. It is strongly recommended not to visit hospitals and nursing homes, and not to swim in public pools.
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