Tummy Troubles: When To Worry About Vomiting And Diarrhea
According to the American Academy of pediatrics, stomach aches in children happens for all sorts of reasons. Stomach or abdominal pain that continues to occur is common, but usually not serious. Some children, including babies, vomit for unknown reasons. Some common reasons for vomiting includereflux or infection of the stomach, intestines and/or urinary tract.
Diarrhea starts quickly and can lasts from 7 daysto 2 weeks.There is no safe medication treatment for diarrhea in children, but it will usually stop on its own.Your child may haveseveral loose bowel movements throughout theday. Theymay also have a fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomitingand a loss of appetite.
Dehydration: How To Know
- Dehydration means that the body has lost too much fluid. This can happen with vomiting and/or diarrhea. A weight loss of more than 3% is needed. Mild diarrhea or mild vomiting does not cause this. Neither does a small decrease in fluid intake.
- Vomiting with watery diarrhea is the most common cause of dehydration.
- Dehydration is a reason to see a doctor right away.
- These are signs of dehydration:
- Dry tongue and inside of the mouth. Dry lips are not helpful.
- Dry eyes with decreased or absent tears
- In babies, a sunken soft spot
- Slow blood refill test: Longer than 2 seconds. First, press on the thumbnail and make it pale. Then let go. Count the seconds it takes for the nail to turn pink again. Ask your doctor to teach you how to do this test.
- Fussy, tired out or acting ill. If your child is alert, happy and playful, he or she is not dehydrated.
- A child with severe dehydration becomes too weak to stand. They can also be very dizzy when trying to stand.
How To Prevent Food Poisoning
Once youre done puking, youll probably want to avoid the experience againand being on top of your hygiene is the first step. That means washing your hands well, especially around food, and if you have kids, making sure theyre washing their hands well too. Here are a few other precautions you can take to prevent food poisoning, according to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services:
- Keep raw and ready-to-eat food separate.
- Cook foods to the recommended temperatures.
- Refrigerate or freeze food within one to two hours of cooking or buying it.
- Avoid thawing food at room temperature.
- Throw out any food youre not sure about. If youre even a bit hesitant, research the shelf life of that food so you know when its no longer good. Avoid just reheating leftovers repeatedlythat doesnt extend their shelf life .
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What Is Diarrhoea And Vomiting At The Same Time
Diarrhoea and vomiting at the same time can be a sign of infection or food poisoning from consuming contaminated food or water. You may also experience diarrhoea and vomiting at the same time because of the use of certain medications. Although COVID-19 is also a respiratory disease, it can cause diarrhoea and vomiting in some people.
Depending on the cause, it is possible to have diarrhoea and vomiting at the same time, as well as other symptoms such as fever, chest pain, difficulty breathing and weakness. Because some causes of diarrhoea and vomiting can be serious, it is important to identify the cause to begin the best treatment.
In case of diarrhoea and vomiting at the same time, it is important for the affected person to rest, eat lightly and drink plenty of fluids, as this can prevent dehydration.
When To Seek Emergency Medical Help
Occasionally, vomiting can be a sign of a more serious problem.
You should call 999 for an ambulance, or go to your nearest accident and emergency department if you also have:
- sudden, severe abdominal pain
- severe chest pain
- blood in your vomit or what looks like coffee granules
- a stiff neck and high temperature
- a sudden, severe headache that’s unlike any headache you’ve had before
You should also seek emergency medical help if you think you have swallowed something poisonous.
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Is There A Diet For Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease is a disease that must be managed in close consultation with a doctor. Self-treatment is not appropriate.
- There are, however, several important dietary rules one can follow to help slow the progression of kidney disease and decrease the likelihood of complications.
- This is a complex process and must be individualized, generally with the help of a health care practitioner and a registered dietitian.
The following are general dietary guidelines:
- Protein restriction: Decreasing protein intake may slow the progression of chronic kidney disease. A dietitian can help one determine the appropriate amount of protein.
- Salt restriction: Limit to 2 to 4grams a day to avoid fluid retention and help control high blood pressure.
- Fluid intake: Excessive water intake does not help prevent kidney disease. In fact, the doctor may recommend restriction of water intake.
- Potassium restriction: This is necessary in advanced kidney disease because the kidneys are unable to remove potassium. High levels of potassium can cause abnormal heart rhythms. Examples of foods high in potassium include bananas, oranges, nuts, avocados, and potatoes.
- Phosphorus restriction: Decreasing phosphorus intake is recommended to protect bones. Eggs, beans, cola drinks, and dairy products are examples of foods high in phosphorus.
Other important measures that a patient can take include:
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How Do Pediatric Gastroenterologists Treat These Conditions
The treatment of recurrent vomiting and diarrhea are dependent on the cause of these symptoms. Typically, a patient will be instructed to receive plenty of rest, water, and the replenishment of any lost electrolytes if the symptoms resulted from a certain food, a physician will urge the avoidance of that food or to even follow up with an allergist.
However, if these symptoms are the effect of more serious conditions, professionals will adjust the treatment to ensure that the disease, as a whole, is maintained. For example, those with Pediatric Crohn’s Disease are often prescribed vitamins, 5-aminosalicylic acid , antibiotics, and are often guided through their daily nutritional intake. On the contrary, children with intestinal blockages or general disruptions will receive surgery to abolish the causes.
In summary, frequent vomiting and diarrhea are common symptoms of a multitude of illnesses. However, remaining aware of what the cause is, monitoring the frequency of the symptoms, and following up with a Pediatric Gastroenterologist are crucial factors to guarantee the protection and overall health of the child.
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Can Diarrhoea Be Prevented
Gastroenteritis the most common cause of diarrhoea is highly infectious, and mostly spread by contact with another person who has the illness, or from contaminated food.
These measures can help to stop the spread:
- wash hands frequently using a good handwashing technique
- follow proper food-safety practices
- if a household member has diarrhoea, they should not prepare food for the other members, and everyone should follow regular handwashing and hygiene practices
- someone who has diarrhoea should not visit hospitals, aged care facilities, or swimming pools
- babies can be vaccinated against rotavirus
What Viruses Cause You To Throw Up
Norovirus is a very contagious virus that causes vomiting and diarrhea. People of all ages can get infected and sick with norovirus. Norovirus spreads easily!
What is the fastest way to cure viral gastroenteritis?
How is viral gastroenteritis treated?
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Certain Types Of Cancer
Colon cancer, lymphoma, pancreatic cancer, and some other types may cause gastric symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, or constipation. Some forms of cancer may go undiagnosed until gastric symptoms occur.
Cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy, can also cause vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. Let your doctor know if your symptoms are accompanied by:
Your doctor can diagnose lactose intolerance with a hydrogen breath test. Avoiding foods containing lactose is the best way to avoid symptoms.
What Is An Ors
An oral rehydration solution, or ORS, is a great way to replace fluids and nutrients lost through vomiting and diarrhea. An ORS is safe for babies, children, and adults. An ORS can come in several forms, including a powder that you mix with water, a liquid that is already mixed, and as frozen popsicles. You can purchase these at most grocery stores and drugstores.
To use an ORS for vomiting, try giving small amounts of ORS often, such as 1 teaspoonful every minute. If the person is able to keep the drink down, slowly increase how much you give. If the person vomits after you give the ORS, wait 30 to 60 minutes after the last time he or she vomited, and then give him or her a few sips of an ORS. Small amounts every few minutes may stay down better than a large amount all at once. When the person stops vomiting, you may increase how much of the ORS you give each time and add clear broths or clear sodas. Remember, small amounts are less likely to cause an upset stomach. If a person only has diarrhea and isnt vomiting, he or she may have an ORS and other liquids as needed. Your doctor may ask you to keep track of how much the child or senior drinks. You can use a dropper, a spoon, or a measuring cup to help you keep track.
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What Illness Causes Diarrhea And Vomiting
Norovirus is the most common cause of vomiting and diarrhea, and foodborne illness.
What does it mean when you have diarrhea and vomiting at the same time?
Vomiting and diarrhea are common symptoms of gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is the inflammation and irritation of the stomach and intestines. Vomiting and diarrhea can be harmful, because they can cause dehydration. Dehydration occurs when you lose too much fluid.
What infections cause diarrhea and vomiting?
What causes diarrhea and/or vomiting? Many different germs can cause gastroenteritis, including viruses , bacteria , and parasites . Medications and certain medical conditions can also cause similar symptoms.
Is vomiting and diarrhea a symptom of Covid?
In addition to other symptoms , stomach upset can be a hallmark sign of COVID-19. A recent study showed that 1 in 5 people who tested positive for COVID-19 had at least one gastrointestinal symptom, such as diarrhea, vomiting, or belly pain.
What to do if you are vomiting and have diarrhea?
Vomiting and diarrhea treatment
What Complications Are Associated With Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea may cause dehydration. More fluids are lost from the body when you have diarrhoea than normally. Dehydration can lead to a loss of electrolytes minerals your body needs to function properly. This is why rehydration is so important.
Diarrhoea causes food to move quickly through your body. If this is ongoing it makes it difficult for you to absorb nutrients and can lead to malnutrition.
Some people may develop temporary lactose intolerance after an episode of diarrhoea or gastroenteritis. See your doctor if the symptoms continue for more than a couple of weeks.
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Dialysis And Peritoneal Access Dialysis
In end-stage kidney disease, kidney functions can be replaced only by dialysis or by kidney transplantation. The planning for dialysis and transplantation is usually started in stage 4 of chronic kidney disease. Most patients are candidates for both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis . There are few differences in outcomes between the two procedures. The physician or an educator will discuss the appropriate options with the patient and help them make a decision that will match their personal and medical needs. It is best to choose a modality of dialysis after understanding both procedures and matching them to ones lifestyle, daily activities, schedule, distance from the dialysis unit, support system, and personal preference.
The doctor will consider multiple factors when recommending the appropriate point to start dialysis, including the patients laboratory work and actual or estimated glomerular filtration rate, nutritional status, fluid volume status, the presence of symptoms compatible with advanced kidney failure, and risk of future complications. Dialysis is usually started before individuals are very symptomatic or at risk for life-threatening complications.
There are two types of dialysis 1) hemodialysis and 2) peritoneal dialysis. Before dialysis can be initiated, a dialysis access has to be created.
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How Is Diarrhoea Diagnosed
Diarrhoea can be diagnosed based on your symptoms and a medical history, taken by your doctor. If the diarrhoea goes away after a few days you may not find the cause.
Sometimes, tests will be needed to diagnose an underlying condition. These include:
If you have ongoing diarrhoea, your doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist or other specialist to work out the underlying cause.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Diarrhea
The symptoms you can experience when you have diarrhea can vary depending on if its mild or severe and what the cause of the diarrhea happens to be. Theres a link between severe cases of diarrhea and a medical condition that needs to be treated.
When you have diarrhea, you may experience all of these symptoms or only a few. The main symptom of diarrhea is loose or watery stool.
Other symptoms of mild diarrhea can include:
- Bloating or cramps in the abdomen.
- A strong and urgent need to have a bowel movement.
If you have severe diarrhea, you may experience symptoms like:
Severe diarrhea can lead to significant complications. If you have these symptoms, call your healthcare provider and seek medical attention.
Possible Health Complications If Left Untreated
Severe bouts of untreated vomiting and diarrhea can cause severe health complications, including:
- Electrolyte imbalances
- Heart rhythm abnormalities
So, if you have persistent vomiting, diarrhea, or both, visit one of our urgent care clinics in Irvine, Costa Mesa, or Fountain Valley, CA, right away. As we accept walk-in patients, we will quickly attend to you while ensuring appropriate diagnosis and treatment. You can also reserve your spot online to avoid wait times.
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When Should I Seek Medical Help
You should seek medical help if
- the medicines your doctor recommended or prescribed for the prodrome phase dont relieve your symptoms
- your episode is severe and lasts more than several hours
- you are not able to take in foods or liquids for several hours
You should seek medical help right away if you have any signs or symptoms of dehydration during the vomiting phase. These signs and symptoms may include
- extreme thirst and dry mouth
- urinating less than usual
- dark-colored urine
- sunken eyes or cheeks
- light-headedness or fainting
If you are a parent or caregiver of an infant or child, you should seek medical care for them right away if they have any signs and symptoms of dehydration during the vomiting phase. These signs and symptoms may include
- urinating less than usual, or no wet diapers for 3 hours or more
What To Expect At A Doctor Visit
Your healthcare provider will diagnose vomiting and diarrhea by reviewing your symptoms and performing a physical examination to look for signs of dehydration, including dry skin, sunken eyes, cracked lips, excessive sweating, dizziness, fatigue, etc. They may also order blood and urine tests to look for signs of bacterial or viral infections.
Depending on the root cause of the vomiting and diarrhea, your doctor may recommend any of the following treatment options:
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Nausea And Diarrhea How To Tell If Its Covid The Stomach Flu Or Food Poisoning
You wake up one morning with nausea and diarrhea. It gets worse throughout the day. You think you may have a stomach bug, but it’s hard to know for sure. Maybe it’s COVID-19 or even food poisoning?
Nausea and diarrhea can have many causes. Determining the exact cause early on is not always simple.
The University Health Center explains the differences between these three common problems that can cause gastrointestinal issues.
COVID-19-related diarrhea and nausea
Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are less common symptoms of COVID-19. Still, when they do occur, they tend to be some of the first symptoms you will experience. Diarrhea caused by COVID-19 tends to be more watery, yellow or green in color. It may be accompanied by cramping and bloating. If you have COVID-19, you will likely develop other symptoms within a day or two, such as fever, cough, congestion and/or loss of taste and smell.
If it’s COVID-19, how long am I contagious?
If you are diagnosed with COVID-19, you are usually contagious up to five days from the start of symptoms. If youstill have symptoms after five days, stay away from others until your symptoms are gone.
Stomach flu symptoms
What is often called the stomach flu actually isn’t the flu at all. The actual name for the stomach flu is gastroenteritis.
Is stomach flu contagious?
Food poisoning symptoms
Is food poisoning contagious?
How to treat an upset stomach at home
When to get help from a doctor
Vomiting And Diarrhea Medications And Medical Treatment
There are over-the-counter medications and medical treatments available for diarrhea and vomiting. While generally safe for adults, OTC medications shouldnt be taken without consulting a doctor first.
OTC medications include:
- antiemetic drugs, such as Dramamine and Gravol
A doctor may recommend antibiotics to treat vomiting and diarrhea caused by bacterial infections .
Sometimes medical treatment may be required for diarrhea and vomiting.
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