American Heart Association News Stories
American Heart Association News covers heart disease, stroke and related health issues. Not all views expressed in American Heart Association News stories reflect the official position of the American Heart Association. Statements, conclusions, accuracy and reliability of studies published in American Heart Association scientific journals or presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect the American Heart Associations official guidance, policies or positions.
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How Is Xanthoma Diagnosed
Your doctor or dermatologist can typically diagnose xanthoma. They may be able to make a diagnosis simply by examining your skin. A skin biopsy can confirm the presence of a fatty deposit beneath the skin.
During this procedure, your doctor may remove a small sample of tissue from the growth and send it to a laboratory for analysis. Your doctor will follow up with you to discuss the results.
They may also order blood tests to check blood lipid levels, assess liver function, and rule out diabetes.
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How Much Of Vitamin D To Take
The suggested daily requirement of vitamin D for a healthy individual is 600 IU. However, in a circumstance in which nearly half of the adult US population is vitamin D deficient, it is essential to first bring back the vitamins levels back to sufficient. This must be done by vitamin D supplements.
A weekly dosage of 60,000 IU of vitamin D is recommended for around 3 months. After 3 months, it is recommended to obtain your vitamin D3 levels checked.
If they are adequate, you can continue either taking a lower dosed vitamin D supplement or eat foods rich in vitamin D to obtain sufficient quantities of the vitamin.
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Ways To Lower Your Risk
There really isnt a way to prevent side effects however, there are some steps you can take.
- Notify all healthcare providers of any medications you are taking, including any over-the-counter products and herbal remedies. Sometimes, these products can interact with your cholesterol medication and increase your risk of experiencing certain side effects.
- Keep your medical appointments. When first starting your cholesterol-lowering medication and later at periodic intervals, your healthcare provider will want to monitor you for side effects and to make sure that the cholesterol drug is working properly. He or she will usually perform a physical exam, check your cholesterol levels and do other tests to ensure that you are healthy.
- If you are having side effects, try to keep a log of these reactions and when you are experiencing them. Is the side effect occurring immediately after you take the drug? Is it happening only when you take it with your blood pressure medicine or another drug? Is the side effect constant or happening only during certain times of the day? This information will help your physician decide whether or not to modify your dose or switch you to another medication.
- Be honest with your physician if you are experiencing side effects that you cannot tolerate. By letting him or her know, he or she can adjust or change your medication. This will help keep your cholesterol within a healthy rangewithout you being miserable in the process.
Whats Considered High Cholesterol
You need a fasting blood test to know what your blood cholesterol levels are. The test is called a lipid profile, or lipid panel.
The results will be listed as milligrams per deciliter . The following chart explains how the results are categorized:
A stroke occurs when your brain is unable to get sufficient blood in order to function properly. When this happens, the brain cells may begin to die.
There are two main types of strokes:
- Ischemic stroke. With an ischemic stroke, a blood vessel is blocked by a blood clot or plaque.
- Hemorrhagic stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke happens when a blood vessel ruptures, causing sudden bleeding.
High blood cholesterol levels can specifically increase your risk of an ischemic stroke. Thats because high cholesterol contributes to plaque buildup in the arteries, a condition called atherosclerosis. Plaque is a fatty substance thats made of:
Plaque buildup can make your arteries narrower and stiffer. In turn, this can restrict blood flow in your arteries, including the arteries in your brain. If an artery becomes blocked, cutting off blood flow in parts of your brain, it can cause an ischemic stroke.
There are several causes of high cholesterol levels. Some causes are inherited, or present at birth, while others may develop later in life.
Causes can include:
Its possible to lower your cholesterol with lifestyle changes and medications.
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Hiatal Hernia
In many cases, a hiatal hernia has no symptoms.
Some people do have symptoms. These may include:
Backflow of acid or stomach contents into the esophagus or throat
Paraesophageal hernias may have more severe symptoms. These can include:
Having trouble swallowing sometimes, most often with solid foods
Feeling full after eating only a small amount of food
Belly or chest pain
In some cases, a paraesophageal hernia can lead to a medical emergency. The stomach or abdominal organs may turn or twist, causing very bad pain. There is a danger that the stomachs blood supply may be cut off . This is an emergency. You will likely need surgery right away.
The symptoms of a hiatal hernia may look like other health problems. Always see your healthcare provider to be sure.
How To Handle Side Effects
Donât stop taking your cholesterol drugs even if they donât make you feel great. Instead, talk to your doctor. There are a few ways they might be able to help you feel better:
Take a brief break. If you have muscle pain, your doctor may tell you to stop taking your drug for a short time and then start it again within a month. The time off can show if your medicine is causing the pain or if itâs due to another problem.
Check your other meds. If you take cholesterol drugs and other medicines, you might be more likely to have side effects. Tell your doctor about everything you take, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter meds, and supplements.
Get a lower dosage. Your doctor may try to reduce how much of your medicine you take. You might also be able to take a pill every other day instead of daily.
Switch treatments. If your side effects are too hard to handle, you might be able to try a different statin such pravastatin and rosuvastatin , which are less likely to cause muscle aches.The cholesterol drug ezetimibe may allow you to take a lower statin dose and thereby help relieve your muscle pain, for example.
Consider OTC treatments. Statins may lower levels of a substance in your muscles called coenzyme Q10, and that can cause pain. You may try taking CoQ10 supplements to get relief. Another option, L-carnitine, might help, too. But always talk to your doctor before you start taking any medicine, even ones you buy without a prescription.
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Bloating And Digestive Issues
The main reason for increased cholesterol levels is overeating fatty and fried food affects our liver and produces bad cholesterol in the body. If you are facing high cholesterol, then you may feel bloated even after eating significantly less.
Your stomach makes you feel heaviness and disinterest in appetite. The excess flow of lipid substance directly affects the metabolism and triggers the digestive system in your body, and you feel bloating and heaviness.
If you are constantly feeling these issues, then you must go for a lipid profile test.
How Can I Lower My Cholesterol Naturally
For many people, revamping everyday habits can go a long way toward lowering cholesterol without medication. There are a number of lifestyle changes that can be made, and they fall under the categories of diet and exercise, says Dr. Khandwalla.
Eating heart-healthy foods is a great place to start. This means reducing your intake of red meat and full-fat dairy products, both of which contain saturated fats that raise cholesterol. Instead, focus on eating lean proteins chicken, turkey, seafood and adding more soluble fiber to your diet from fruits, vegetables, and oatmeal, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute . Getting aerobic exercise most days of the week can also help lower cholesterol.
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Always Try To Find The Why Ask Yourself Why Am I Deficient
- Are you not getting enough sun on your skin?
- When you are outside, do you always use a sunblock?
- Are you not getting enough Vitamin D from your diet?
- If you are eating a diet, plentiful in Vitamin D rich foods but your blood test is still showing low levels, then what is going on? Is there a problem with your digestive tract? Digestion is one thing, but we need to be able to absorb nutrients so they can get into the bloodstream before they can travel to their target destination.
- Are you carrying extra weight around your tummy , if so these fat cells could be stealing your Vitamin D?
- Its a fat-soluble vitamin, can you actually breakdown fat? If it cant, you wont make it too your blood. You might have had your gallbladder removed, or you dont have optimal bile flow, perhaps you need pancreatic enzymes.
- Are your liver or kidneys functioning well, can you detoxify steroid hormones?
And so on. I hope you get my point that there could be one of many avenues that need exploring.
So, what should you do?
Cholesterol And Peripheral Vascular Disease
In addition to your heart and your brain, cholesterol plaque can cause symptoms in your legs and other areas outside of your heart and brain . Legs and feet are most common. You might notice cramps in your calves when you walk that get better with rest. This is like angina — it works the same way — but in your legs instead of your heart.
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Symptoms Of High Cholesterol On Skin
A few symptoms can indicate that you have high cholesterol on your skin. These symptoms may include:
Sleeping Pills And Sedatives
Medications such as Valium that are designed to relieve anxiety and help you relax, unfortunately, also relax your esophageal sphincter, which may lead to heartburn, as noted in this 2019 article published in Therapuetic Archive.
The fact that you’re supposed to lie down after taking these drugs doesn’t help, because lying down can aggravate acid reflux. According to the Sleep Foundation, when you recline, gravity no longer helps keep stomach acid down, making it easier for reflux to occur.
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Do You Have Chest Pain And Discomfort
These are the most common symptoms of a heart attack, for both men and women, young and old. But there are other symptoms to look out for, as well. Women are more likely to experience shortness of breath a squeezing, aching or sharp pain in the chest or arms that may spread to the neck, back or jaw unexplained nausea, heartburn vomiting sweating fatigue irregular pulse
lightheadedness or sudden dizziness.
Can Pepper Give You Heartburn
Black pepper can cause the amounts of acid in your esophagus to increase, leading to common indigestion symptoms. Were sorry in advance if this takes a bit of the spice out of your life. Spicy food is too often mistakenly blamed for heartburn because what some think of as heartburn is actually just an upset stomach.
One may also ask, why do peppers give me heartburn? Heartburn Trigger: Spicy FoodsSpicy foods such as jalapeno peppers sometimes trigger heartburn in individuals. In addition, other foods such as garlic and onions may cause the same problems. Even peppermint may cause heartburn in some individuals because mint relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter.
Keeping this in view, is pepper good for acid reflux?
In addition to medication and dietary changes, natural remedies can help suppress the symptoms of GERD. Black pepper, Indian long pepper and ginger have all been proven effective at alleviating acid reflux and can be added to recipes or prepared meals.
Can cold food cause heartburn?
However, when cold food and beverages enter the esophagus, it comes in contact with the warm vaporized fluid in the lungs. This will cause the excess stomach heat to escape up the esophagus which results in dry mouth, dry skin and constant thirst and more prominently acid reflux.
Well go over some quick tips to get rid of heartburn, including:
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How To Intervene In Order To Reduce Acidity
Its possible to intervene by means of your diet in order to reduce heartburn caused by alterations in the esophagus or situations of gastritis. In this case, there are several treatments that you can begin. The most common of all of them is to consume an easily digestible diet, which increases the speed of gastric emptying.
To achieve this goal, you need to avoid large meals, dividing the total daily calories into several small-volume intakes. In this case, emphasizing the intake of products of plant origin will always be a priority, especially those with high concentrations of water and phytonutrients.
Youll also need to restrict all foods or substances that may be irritating, such as coffee, cocoa, citrus fruits, spicy foods, etc However, individual tolerance can be tested, as not all people react the same to these types of foods.
It may be a good idea to consider supplementation with probiotics, especially in cases of reflux. Theres evidence that indicates that creating a change in the profile of the microbiota causes benefits at the gastrointestinal level, reducing the problems associated with digestion. Now, choosing the optimal strain of bacteria you need to consume may not be an easy task.
Why Can Heartburn And A Heart Attack Feel Similar
Gastroesophageal reflux disease and other gastrointestinal problems such as ulcers, muscle spasms in the esophagus, a gallbladder attack, and pancreatitis can all cause chest pain and other symptoms that mimic those of a heart attack or anginaa crushing type of chest pain caused by decreased blood flow to the heart. Some people with angina say it feels like an elephant is sitting on their chest.
According to the American College of Gastroenterology, as many as 70 million patients in the United States suffer from non-cardiac chest pain . The most common cause of NCCP is GERD, which is caused by chronic acid reflux from the stomach into the esophagus.
The ambiguity in symptoms is caused by the fact that the nerves in the stomach and heart don’t clearly signal to the brain where the pain originates.
Nerves in the chest are not as specific as nerves in, say, the hand, Stephen Kopecky, MD, a cardiologist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., told Health. Dr. Kopecky explained that if someone were to get hit with a hammer on their little finger, the person would be able to identify which finger was injured. But if someone were hurt in the heart, lungs, pancreas, esophagus, or stomach, in each case they may just feel the pain coming from the chest.
“This makes for a real problem when diagnosing,” said Dr. Kopecky. “And about half of patients who have a heart attack have minor symptoms and do not seek medical attention.”
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Symptoms Of High Cholesterol
- Most of the time high cholesterol doesnt show any symptoms, it only causes emergency fatal events like a heart attack or stroke.
- These incidents usually dont happen until excessive cholesterol causes plaque to build in your arteries. Plaque can cause arteries to constrict, allowing less blood to pass through. Plaque affects the composition of the lining of your arteries. This could result in dire consequences.
- You can have your cholesterol level checked on a continuous basis if you have a family history of high cholesterol or you have.
- High blood pressure
Symptoms Of High Cholesterol During Pregnancy
Symptoms of high cholesterol during pregnancy will vary depending on a womans overall health and the particular phase of her pregnancy. However, some general symptoms that may indicate high cholesterol levels include:
- Feeling tired all the time.
- Difficulty breathing
- Rapid heart rate
- Nausea and vomiting
In some cases, high cholesterol levels may even lead to a miscarriage or preterm labor. If you are concerned about your cholesterol levels and are experiencing any of the above symptoms, please reach out to your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment plan.
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