Elevated Microbiota Richness And Altered Community Types In The Gut Of Patients With Af
Whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing of the 100 stool samples from our study cohort was performed. A total of 612.84 Gb high-quality sequencing reads were generated . Rarefaction analyses, performed as we previously described , showed that the curves approached saturation in each group and with a significantly increased gene number in the microbiomes of patients with AF .1A). We also compared the gene count, within-sample diversity , and 3 other ecological parameters, including Chao richness, Pielou evenness, and Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio between controls and patients with AF. Consistently, gut microbial richness and diversity in the AF group were much higher . The elevated richness of genes or genera observed in our cohort may suggest the overgrowth of a variety of harmful bacteria in patients with AF.
Leaky Gut Syndrome Treatment: Acupuncture
Acupuncture has been practiced for more than 2,500 years, and its believed to be one of the most efficient treatments for a variety of conditions, including gastrointestinal disorders. Acupuncture aims to boost a persons overall health and to help them get rid of the symptoms associated with a particular condition.
The entire process is quite safe and painless it involves the use of acupuncture needles placed on specific acupoints on a persons body. That way, it promotes the flow of blood and energy, bringing back the balance that plays a significant role in a persons overall health. Acupuncture is widely used for treating the following conditions:
- Sports injuries
- And more.
As for its therapeutic effect on gastrointestinal function, its quite significant. Namely, acupuncture promotes certain regulatory effects that help improve the overall digestive function and prevent nausea, vomiting, irritable bowel syndrome, constipation, diarrhea, Crohns disease, and other conditions that come as a result of gastrointestinal dysfunction. Acupuncture treatments are also efficient in reducing chronic pain caused by leaky gut or any other gastrointestinal disorder. Your practitioner may suggest herbal therapies and moxibustion in addition to acupuncture to deliver much more enhanced results.
My Diagnosis With Hashimotos
The pediatrician wrote me off. I mean, I was 17 and totally over the pediatrician, but they were zero help to me. I would come in with complaints of heart palpitations and a clear 20 lb weight loss, and was told that I drank too much energy drinks.
From there, it was onto the chiropractor, the OBGYN, and the cardiologist. All of which also gave me eye roll answers, until the cardiologist told me that it was ridiculous that my doctor hadnt checked my thyroid yet.
Though I did have my thyroid tested several times, my TSH was always normal for months and months. Finally, my TSH dropped below normal and that one blood test became the canary in the coal mine that got me referred to a Endocrinologist who diagnosed me with Hashimotos disease.
I was confused, I was tired, and I was told over and over again that my diagnosis was entirely abnormal. That thyroid problems were only for menopausal women. I felt like an outsider, and that I was totally alone in my diagnosis. I desperately wanted to get better but struggled to find others to compare my journey to at the time.
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Leaky Gut Syndrome Treatment: Herbal Therapies
Another goal of Traditional Chinese Medicine is to provide drug-free therapies based on natural herbal methods that take your overall health to the next level. Many herbal formulas address the liver, stomach, and spleen problems, and each of them is often modified so that it fits a patients particular condition. Herbal formulas are useful since they foster the patient to eat healthier food and regulate their diet. For example, patients are encouraged to eat larger meals earlier in the day, avoid processed foods, avoid skipping meals, and eat slowly. They should generally avoid foods high in sugar and carbohydrates since they can harm the digestive system and cause additional problems in people with leaky gut.
Your certified practitioner will prescribe a unique herbal formula for you, and it will be based on your particular condition and symptoms that should be addressed. A practitioner may suggest some vitamins and supplements you can add to your herbal formula to enrich your diet and boost the immune system. Chinese herbs are often used as a complementary treatment, which means that practitioners tend to combine it with acupuncture and functional medicine approaches to provide better and long-lasting results.
How Chiropractic Can Help You
In my conversation with Dr. Gallagher I explored common conditions where chiropractic could be of particular benefit or a missing treatment link. Following are some of the major points we covered, starting with several non-cardiac cardiovascular issues. The message here is that if a cardiac evaluation for symptoms turns out negative it makes sense to consider a spinal evaluation.
- Hypertension. Such an evaluation of the atlas vertebrae located at the top of the spinal column in the neck may detect a misalignment contributing to high blood pressure. When the atlas is out of proper alignment you can get altered blood flow to the brain and increased sympathetic stimulation in the nervous system that can drive up blood pressure. Dr. Gallaghers experience is that blood pressure in many of his hypertensive patients was markedly lowered, and their need for medication reduced or eliminated, after cervical manipulation. I agree with him that this modality is almost totally overlooked in the treatment of high blood pressure.
The upper part of her thoracic spine was misaligned, Dr. Gallagher said. I adjusted her five or six times and the problem was gone. You dont see this in the medical literature but I have treated many similar cases.
- Tinnitus and hearing loss. It pays to have a chiropractic evaluation for hearing issues, Dr. Gallagher told me. Upper cervical or skull misalignments are commonly involved.
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What Food Contains Histamine
These foods include shellfish, nuts, chocolate, citrus fruits, tomatoes, black and green tea, spinach, fermented foods, collagen, and bone broth. For the vast majority of people, the amount of histamine in a food simply isnt an issue. If your system is working right, it immediately inactivates any histamine you dont need, using two enzymes called DAO and HNMT, and thats the end of the story. Sometimes, however, things go wrong. A number of factors, from genetic mutations to medical conditions like Crohns disease, can lead to high levels of histamine. In some cases, the only solution may be to stay on a histamine intolerance diet forever.
Methane Poisoning Causes Heart Palpitations
Methane isnt your bodys friend. It is considered poisonous, because it forms carbon monoxide and depletes the body of oxygen. Oxygen is vital to life and without it the body whittles and dies. Low oxygen is responsible for variety of common body symptoms, including abnormally rapid, out of sequence heart beats known as palpitations.
Toxicologists have well established what happened to people poisoned by methane and we know which symptoms to look out for. Among those are:
- Heart palpitations
- Shortness of breath
- Mental uneasiness , and
- Flu-like symptoms
I believe that these are also the symptoms of chronic methane self-poisoning in some individuals. I get very suspicious when I detect a common symptom trio: chronic fatigue, constipation, and brain fog. An occasional heart flutter only adds to the picture. With the above symptoms there is no point to treat the heart. To solve the problem one needs to work on the gut to get rid of the bacteria that makes the methane.
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What Should I Do If My 9
The same types of recommendations apply to children and in the vast majority of children, the causes of skipped beats are usually benign and do not require treatment. They should not be ignored, however, as electrical or structural abnormalities of the heart need to be ruled out.
If a child simply notices an occasional skipped beat and is otherwise healthy and keeps up with their friends on the playground, its unlikely that anything serious is going on.
Baseline Characteristics Of The Study Cohort
We enrolled 100 Chinese participants comprising 50 patients with nonvalvular AF and 50 individuals as matched controls. AF was diagnosed using an electrocardiogram and defined as the absence of P waves, replaced by disorganized electrical activity and irregular RâR intervals due to irregular conduction of impulses to the ventricles . To adjust for the effect of HTN on gut microbiota composition, we selected 50 samples from our previous gut microbiota work matched for a history of HTN . None of the participants had heart failure, coronary heart disease, structural heart disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, irritable bowel syndrome, autoimmune diseases, liver diseases, renal diseases, or cancer. Patients who had used antibiotics or probiotics in the past month were excluded. The clinical characteristics of all participants are presented in Table . There was no significant difference between patients with AF and controls in terms of body mass index, creatinine, total bilirubin, or glutamic-pyruvic transaminase level. Most of the patients were elderly, with 70% > 60 years old. For the control group, there were more males than females, with males accounting for 82%. Although the total cholesterol serum levels were much lower in patients with AF, these clinical indices were all within the normal range.
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Heart Attack And Stroke
Gut health may also help indicate if a person is at risk for serious cardiovascular events, like a heart attack or stroke.
Dr. Regina Druz, a cardiologist from New York, notes that a certain gut bacteria can convert dietary choline from eggs and red meat into a damaging substance called trimethylamine N-oxide . This substance can damage blood vessels, and researchers have found a strong link between TMAO and ACVD, which can lead to vascular events, she adds.
Turns out, elevated levels of TMAO contribute to a heightened risk for blood clot-related events such as heart attack and stroke, added Dr. Elizabeth Klodas, a cardiologist from Minnesota who has a line of food for heart health. Shes also the founding editor-in-chief of CardioSmart.org, the patient education effort of the American College of Cardiology.
She says the heightened risk of blood clotting remains even after accounting for the presence of conventional risk factors and other markers of inflammation.
She cites an analysis of more than 2,000 people with heart disease, which found those with higher blood levels of TMAO had a fourfold greater risk of dying from any cause over the subsequent five years.
What The Medical Community Has To Say About Leaky Gut Syndrome
Do most conventional doctors support the idea that leaky gut is real?
WebMD refers to leaky gut as something of a medical mystery. This isnt surprising, since its not a diagnosis that most doctors have been taught in medical school. From an MDs standpoint, its a very gray area, says gastroenterologist Donald Kirby, MD Director of the Center for Human Nutrition at the Cleveland Clinic. In his opinion, Physicians dont know enough about the gut, which is our biggest immune system organ.
To make matters worse, government agencies have also contributed to the confusion. According to the United Kingdoms National Health Service , There is currently little evidence to support the theory that a porous bowel is the direct cause of any significant, widespread problems.
Yet, not everyone agrees. A roundtable review quotes the researchers at seven different European universities in 2014 agreeing upon the following:
Alteration of the gut barrier seems to have multiple consequences facilitating the onset of a variety of diseases depending on other hits and on genetic or epigenetic constellations, respectively. The growing significance of the gut barrier and bacterial translocation raises the questions of how we can improve gut barrier functions and gut microbiota.
So while its encouraging that science is coming around to leaky gut syndrome being a real problem, we are by no means at a point where there are standard diagnostic tools for testing and treating leaky gut.
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Metagenomic Sequencing Gene Catalogue Construction
Paired-end metagenomic sequencing was performed on the Illumina platform at the Novogene Bioinformatics Technology Co., Ltd. After quality control, the reads aligned to the human genome were removed and the remaining high-quality reads were used for further analysis. The assembly of reads was executed using SOAP denovo . For each sample, we used a series of k-mer values and chose the optimal one with the longest N50 value for the remaining scaffolds . The clean data were mapped against scaffolds using SOAP2 . Unused reads from each sample were assembled using the same parameters.
Gene prediction from the assembled contigs was performed using Meta GeneMark . A non-redundant gene catalogue was constructed with Cluster Database at High Identity with Tolerance using a sequence identity cut-off of 0.95, with a minimum coverage cut-off of 0.9 for the shorter sequences. Reads were realigned to the gene catalogue with SOAP2 using parameters to determine the abundance of genes: âm 200 âx 400 âs 119. Only genes with â¥2 mapped reads were included. The gene abundance was calculated by counting the number of reads and normalizing by gene length.
Is Forward Head Posture The Cause Of Your Digestion Issues
Google searches for digestion issues have been on the rise recently and it is no coincidence that postural deformities are increasing at a similar rate. In fact, gastrointestinal problems such as bloating, heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease , acid reflux, diarrhea, constipation, and leaky gut can be caused by forward head posture, the #1 cause of disease in the body.
When you look at a healthy individuals neck from the side, you will see a nice curve in the overall structure of the vertebrae . Over time, many of the habits that our culture promotes cause that natural curvature to straighten out. This is called forward head posture. The next time youre at work or out in public, take a minute to notice how many people are looking down at their phones or slouching in their chair. The amount of sitting and looking down we do in our society is not normal and is causing disease through forward head posture. When the cervical curvature is lost, the spinal cord and nerves are stretched much like a rubber band. This stretching puts pressure on the top two vertebrae of the spine, causing the nerves to malfunction.
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What Causes Leaky Gut Syndrome
There are 4 main reasons for the leaky gut syndrome:
How Does Leaky Gut Cause Afib
Particles that get through our intestinal barrier enter our bloodstream, which activates our immune system. Inflammation, part of a normal immune response, causes significant problems when it cannot turn off.
Chronic inflammation, because of leaky gut, can cause: increased in inflammatory markers in cardiac tissue, oxidative stress, blood flow and blood clotting issues.
Side note: People with Celiac Disease may be at a higher risk of atrial fibrillation
caused by abnormal electrical function.
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Your Leaky Gut May Be Causing Atrial Fibrillation
This post may contain affiliate links
Watch out: this article may blow your mind and expose the potential root cause to your atrial fibrillation .
Most diseases start in the gut, so this is the first thing I look at when assessing a new patient. Why? Because this is the location where our nutrients are absorbed.
If our intestines are compromised, we cant access nutrients properly, and they cant protect us from inflammation. And guess what many of my Afib patients haveinflammation. Whats a major cause of the inflammation? Leaky gut.
Are Your Heart Palpitations And Stomach Bloating Connected
Deb Maselli is the founder of The Sad Stomach as well as the author of two books on digestive health, both available on Amazon.
Does this describe you? You have visited various medical professionals for your heart palpitations and stomach bloating and received a clean bill of health. While you should be delighted that you don’t have a disease, you still have the problems you came in with. Your stomach still bloats, and as if that weren’t enough, as soon as it begins your heart starts pounding. You sometimes feel lightheaded. What is going on?
Please note that any unexplained stomach bloating should be evaluated by a medical professional to rule out serious diseases such as ovarian cancer.
How are stomach bloating, heart palpitations and the vagus nerve connected? To know the answer to this, we need to look closer at the vagus nerve.
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How Could A Pacemaker Improve Heart Palpitations
In recent years, patients with the most severe types of heart rhythm disorders have benefited from sophisticated pacemakers and devices capable of correcting the heart rhythm with an electrical shock delivered automatically after the heart rhythm disorder occurs. Obviously, these are highly specialized devices, and they are normally prescribed and tested by heart specialists.
Can I Experience Heart Palpitations During Panic Attacks
The startle effect releases substances in the body such as adrenaline which cause the heart rate to increase and the heart to beat more vigorously, creating a sensation of panic, heart pounding and heart racing. This is the experience of becoming aware of a natural or normal functioning of the nervous system. Anxiety, panic, and startling cause the adrenaline level to rise and create the sensation of palpitation.
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